There were many problems when people first moved into the cities in the US and UK. Many lived in bad conditions in poor housing. The governments on ________ sides of the Atlantic, worked to improve the living conditions of city dwellers (居民). For a while, especially in the U.S., city life came to be seen as the best and most exciting way to live. Living in the rural areas was regarded as boring. Who wanted to be struggling to ________ a living in the country doing hard agricultural labor?
Many in the UK believed that they had a much better chance of improving themselves in the city. It would be ________ (easy) to move from the ranks of manual laborers to the middle classes ________ they could get better jobs and education. However, Britain has always had a deep love of the beauty and peacefulness of the countryside. The upper classes have always liked to have a ________ both in London and in the country. They still wanted to go to the country ________ the summer.
Over the last two generations in the UK and US, industrialization has slowed down and more people have become ________ (dissatisfy) with life in urban areas. They are concerned about overcrowding, too much traffic and pollution. What most people want now is a life in the country. They want to move to a village, small town or small holding outside of the city ________ they can have more space and some peace and quiet. Developments in transportation ________ that people can continue longer distance, so more people are living as far as they can from urban centers.
People also believe that village and small town life is better for children. Many say that the schools,
________ the primary schools, are better in smaller villages. The classes are smaller and some say there will be more positive influence on their children and that their social life will be more fulfilling and nurturing.