湖北省天门市、潜江市2018-2019学年高一上学期英语12月月考试卷

添加:2019-01-08 更新:2019-01-09 月考试卷 手机版

一、阅读理解

  • 1. 阅读理解

        Chester is one of the best cities in the UK. As soon as you arrive in Chester you will appreciate the city's unique atmosphere and sense his history. Founded by the Romans over 2,000 years ago, much of the Roman influence remains and Chester's city walls are the most complete in Britain. Combined with history and heritage (遗产), Chester is a lively city full of bars, pubs, clubs, hotels, and restaurants for you to discover, attracting you to visit again and again.

        Travelling to Chester: Chester is easily accessible by many means of transport—whether you are travelling by rail, car, bus or plane. Please check our route planner below to help you plan your journey to Chester. Once you arrive in the city there are numerous car parks; however, during rush hours the easiest way to travel is by bus.

        Hotel: From bed & breakfast to the luxury of Chester's only five star hotel, Chester has all covered. Whether your trip is for business or pleasure, your room is just a click away!

        Sightseeing and Tours: The best way to see Chester is by a guided tour. If you join one, you still have a variety to choose from. Whether you choose the traditional guided walk, to be guided around Chester historical landmarks by bus or to take a boat down the River Dee, you will sure enjoy the delights of Chester.

    (1)、What can we know about Chester from Paragraph 1?

    A、It is rich in deep culture and modern touch. B、It is the best city in the UK. C、Its city walls were completed by British people. D、It is a newly built city.
    (2)、What is the easiest way to get around Chester city centre during rush hours?

    A、By bicycle. B、By bus. C、By rail. D、By taxi.
    (3)、What's the best way to visit Chester?

    A、Travelling by your own. B、Taking a pleasure-boat. C、Going there in rush hours. D、Joining a guided tour.
  • 2. 阅读理解

        If you want to travel from Xi'an to Chengdu by train, it will take about 16 hours. But starting this month, the new Xi'an-Chengdu high-speed railway will shorten this travel time to three hours.

        The 643-kilometer line is China's first high-speed railway to run through the Qinling Mountains, which form a natural boundary (分界线) between China's north and south. With a speed of 250 km per hour, it's also the first mountain-heavy train line to provide a 4G network. Along the way, the train passes through two areas for rare (稀有) wild animals — one for pandas and the other for crested ibises (朱鹮).

        To reduce the railway's influence on the animals, workers and experts have designed and built the railway to be environmentally friendly. There were 345 wild pandas living in the Qinling Mountains. China currently has 1,864 wild pandas in total, according to the Xinhua News Agency.

        To avoid disturbing the pandas, the railway was designed to run through tunnels (隧道) within the area. Protective shields (防护屏) are placed near the entrance of each tunnel to stop animals from going in.

        To protect the thousands of crested ibises that fly near one part of the railway, protective nets have been set up to make sure the birds will not fly into a train.

        The nets are about 32 km long and 4 meters high. Experts tested different shapes and materials for building the nets before making their final choice.

    (1)、Which of the following is TRUE about the new Xi'an-Chengdu railway?

    A、It runs through the Qinling Mountains. B、It is China's first high-speed railway. C、It is the best mountain-heavy train line. D、The train passes through many areas for rare wild animals.
    (2)、Why did people build the railway to be environmentally friendly?

    A、To save money and energy. B、To avoid harming wild animals. C、To avoid damaging the mountains. D、To help the train run through tunnels quietly.
    (3)、What are experts using to stop birds from flying into the train?

    A、Tunnels. B、Tracks. C、Protective nets. D、Protective shields.
    (4)、What is the passage about?

    A、Protective shields and nets. B、How to protect pandas and crested ibises. C、Qinling Mountains. D、Xi'an Chengdu high-speed railway.
  • 3. 阅读理解

        October might seem to be pumpkin month in the U.S. The holiday of Halloween (万圣节) comes on October 31. Americans around the country are already using social media to show off their pumpkin growing and carving skills.

        Pumpkins are round, orange fruits related to squashes (南瓜小果) and gourds (葫芦). People use their flesh and seeds for food, but they are also popular decorations in the fall.

        Two big pumpkins recently made headlines in the U.S. A farmer in the northeastern state of Rhode Island broke the record for the largest pumpkin ever grown in North America. Richard Wallace's pumpkin weighed 1,026 kilograms. It broke his son's record from 2015. Ron Wallace's pumpkin only weighed 1,011 kilograms last year. A schoolteacher in the northwestern state of Washington brought her large pumpkin to an event in California. Her pumpkin was the champion, weighing 866 kilograms. It turns out that Cindy Tobeck's pumpkin grew from one of the seeds from Ron Wallace's pumpkin from 2015.

        While those pumpkins are large, they are still not the largest in the world. According to the website BigPumpkins.com, Richard Wallace's pumpkin is only the second-heaviest pumpkin of the year. A man in Belgium produced a pumpkin that weighed almost 1,200 kilograms. Smithsonian magazine wrote a story about people who try to grow large pumpkins. In 35 years, the size of record pumpkins has grown from about 225 kilograms to over 1,000 kilograms. Pumpkin farmers trying to grow record fruits are taking the seeds of champion pumpkins from one year and breeding them with other large pumpkins.

        But people are not just growing pumpkins. They are carving them, too. One Twitter user from Britain recently posted a photo of a pumpkin designed to look like U.S. presidential candidate Donald Trump. No word of a Hillary Clinton pumpkin design. But one pumpkin farmer in California allows visitors to shoot small pumpkins out of a cannon(大炮). The targets? Large paper cut-outs of both Trump and Clinton.

    (1)、According to the text, which of the following statements is FALSE?

    A、In 2015, the then record pumpkin weighed about 1026 kilograms. B、Halloween falls on October every year. C、In the U. S., pumpkins are used for entertainment as well as for food. D、The new record pumpkin usually has biological relationship with the previous record pumpkin.
    (2)、So far, the heaviest pumpkin was produced in ________.

    A、Britain B、Rhode Island C、Washington D、Belgium
    (3)、The underlined word “breeding” in the 4th paragraph probably means ________.

    A、improving the quality B、producing young ones in a controlled way C、speeding up the growing process D、strengthening the ability to resist disease
    (4)、How is the last paragraph mainly developed?

    A、By telling experiences. B、By offering analyses. C、By listing examples. D、By making comparisons.
  • 4. 阅读理解

        Can you imagine a world without music? Studies show that public schools across the country are cutting back on music classes to save money. Worse, some schools have never had music classes to begin with. But without them, students' academic growth and emotional health could suffer. In fact, music classes are necessary for all students in schools.

        Recent studies by Brown University have shown that students who received music education classes were better in math and reading skills than those without music classes. Another study by The College Board found that students taking music and art classes got higher points. Students' academic success seems to depend on their taking part in music education.

        Music programs in public schools also help to add to a student's sense of pride and self­confidence. Teens today have too many learning tasks. Besides, they have family problems, self­confidence problems, relationship troubles, and choices about drugs and alcohol. All of these can stop academic success, but music education can help. A study by The Texas Commission on Drug and Alcohol Abuse found that students who took part in school music programs were less likely to turn to drugs. Music programs encourage students to work together to produce an excellent performance.

        Music crosses language, class, cultural and political boundaries (界限). Music allows students from different countries to connect. For example, at a school talent show, a new Japanese student played a piano duet (二重奏) with an American classmate. Although they could not communicate verbally (口头上), they were able to read the music in order to play the duet. Two students from different cultures worked as a team with self­confidence and common purpose through music.

        The gift of music is priceless. We need to be sure to have necessary music classes for all students. The world is losing its music, and putting music into schools is the first step to get it back.

    (1)、Education with music classes could ___________.

    A、waste a lot more money from parents B、have a bad influence on the quality of education C、lead to a lot of emotional problems easily D、help students improve their school work
    (2)、The two studies seem to show that ___________.

    A、students with great success attended music lessons B、music plays an important role in students' success C、not all students took part in music lessons D、students having music classes are better in all lessons
    (3)、The example in Paragraph 4 mainly suggests that ___________.

    A、music makes cross­country communication possible B、different cultures have different styles of music C、Japan has a good international relationship with America D、Japanese and American students are good at playing the piano
    (4)、What is the best title for the text?

    A、Music — a bridge to understanding B、How to get music back C、Music education in schools D、The importance of listening to music

二、任务型阅读

  • 5. 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中(A、B、C、D、E、F、G)选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

    Participating (参与) in Class

        Class participation is a valuable part of learning. Many students are unwilling to participate in class. Other students participate in class, but do so not correctly. Here is some advice that can help you become an effective class participant.

        Do all tasks and readings and go over your notes from previous class periods. This will help to prevent you from making uninformed (无知的) comments or asking unsuitable questions. As you get ready for class, think about important questions and concerns that may appear in class. Be sure that you are prepared to deal with these.

        Try to sit close to the front of the class. Besides, you can hear what the teachers say clearly.

        Listen to what the other students say. You can then build on their comments to make your own. Be active when you respond to something another student says. You can disagree, but don't go into an "attack mode".

        Don't be afraid to be wrong. You can learn from being wrong. Don't be afraid to ask questions. This is a good learning skill. Also, the chances are that other students in the class have the same questions as you do, and they will appreciate your asking.

        Be sure that your questions and comments are closely connected with the class topic.

        Don't waste the time of the teacher and other students by going off way. Don't take it in person if others disagree with what you say.

    A. Creating a personal connection helps you feel more comfortable about participating in class.

    B. Be confident that your opinions will be valued by your teacher and other students.

    C. It's hard to stay unconcerned when you are near to the teacher.

    D. Be sure that you are well prepared before coming to class.

    E. This may be because they are shy or fearful of being judged and criticized (批评).

    F. Your class should be a good place for giving opinions and taking advice.

    G. Learning is a change in behavior based on experience.

三、完形填空

  • 6. 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D),选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

        "Fire! Fire!" What terrible words to hear when I 1 in a strange house in the middle of the night! It was a large, 2 house —the kind that burns easily — and my room was on the top floor. I jumped out of bed, 3 the door and stepped out into the passage. It was full of 4.

        I began to run, but as I was still only half awake, 5going towards the stairs I went in the opposite direction. The smoke grew thicker and I found it hard to 6. The floor became 7 under my feet. I ran into another room and tried to reach the 8 for fresh air. Suddenly, one of my feet got caught in something 9 and I fell down. The thing I had fallen over felt like a package of 10, and I picked it up to 11 my face from the smoke and heat. Just then the floor 12 under me and I fell through to the floor below with pieces of burning wood all around me.

        13, there was a doorway in front, so I put the package over my face and 14. My feet were terribly burned, 15 I got through. As I reached the cold air outside my package of clothes gave a 16. I nearly dropped it in surprise. Then I saw there were many people in the street. A woman screamed as she saw me and came running 17.

        "My baby! My baby!" she cried. Those people 18 loudly as she took the smoke-blackened package out of my arms. I almost 19 to see who she was—my boss's wife. I had saved her baby, and become a(n) 20!

    (1)
    A、came up B、woke up C、set up D、broke up
    (2)
    A、valuable B、empty C、wooden D、dusty
    (3)
    A、closed B、opened C、locked D、destroyed
    (4)
    A、gas B、water C、steam D、smoke
    (5)
    A、because of B、instead of C、except for D、as a result of
    (6)
    A、walk B、breathe C、escape D、sleep
    (7)
    A、dirty B、cold C、hot D、hard
    (8)
    A、bed B、window C、telephone D、table
    (9)
    A、dangerous B、soft C、frightening D、wet
    (10)
    A、clothes B、carpet C、wool D、fur
    (11)
    A、save B、bury C、protect D、rescue
    (12)
    A、broke B、sank C、decreased D、exploded
    (13)
    A、Actually B、Luckily C、Finally D、Gradually
    (14)
    A、ran B、played C、packed D、responded
    (15)
    A、once B、if C、but D、so
    (16)
    A、smile B、signal C、lesson D、cry
    (17)
    A、slowly B、madly C、calmly D、fiercely
    (18)
    A、cheered B、burst C、cried D、laughed
    (19)
    A、succeeded B、forgot C、failed D、survived
    (20)
    A、artist B、employer C、relative D、hero

四、语法填空

  • 7. 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

        Who's the (popular) cartoon character in China right now? It might be Peppa Pig. Peppa is 6 years old. She wears a red dress. Her favorite thing to do (be) to jump in muddy puddles (泥坑). She can spend all day (do) this. Her favorite toy is a bear named Teddy. Mummy Pig is a beautiful lady and she takes care of her family. Daddy Pig is an architect is very cheerful and plays with Peppa and George a lot. Peppa often makes fun of his big belly (肚子). They are main characters on the British TV show Peppa Pig.

        The show has been on TV in 40 (language) in more than 180 countries and regions. It's about the everyday lives of the Peppa Pig family members. The show is (main) for preschoolers. But many older kids and even adults have become fans of the show well.

        "I think (it) popularity is partly because of it being ageless," Richard Ridings, a voice actor plays Peppa's dad, told the Mirror.

        The show's stories are simple, but its humor is not too childish. Both kids and adults are always (make) to laugh as soon as they see Peppa.

五、短文改错

  • 8. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

    注意:1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

    2)只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

        Why is it necessary for us to learn English? This is a good question. First, learning English allows me make more friends. Having more friends mean more ways. Second, with a good command of English, I can travel around the world more easy. The world is such big that I want to have a look. Last, learning English can be help me open the door for another culture. It's of great important to have a better understanding about the culture, that is related to English learning.

        Because of that is mentioned above, I must try my best to learn English well.

六、书面表达

  • 9. 请写一封信邀请你的英语外教Smith一同前往参观国际非物质文化遗产博览园the International Intangible Cultural Park。内容如下:

    1)时间安排:12月10日8点校门口集合乘大巴前往,下午3点返回。

    2)活动内容:随导游参观;中午野餐(自备)

    要求:1)100字左右;2)可适当增加内容。

    参考词汇:遗产:heritage

    Dear Smith,

    Yours,

    Li Hua