Newspapers are dying. Electronic devices like mobile phones pads, TVs and car radios can all be the killers. Most people believe in the long run, there is no reason• no practical reason for newspapers to survive. No matter what we do may only buy time.
Can anything save newspapers? I decided to have a try.
Many years ago, Bonnier, a Swedish publisher, set a newspaper in the former Soviet countries. After a few years, they had more newspapers in central and eastern Europe. However, these newspapers were run by a group of inexperienced people, and they didn't have enough money. In many places there were not even art directors.
I got a position in Bonnier's newspaper as an art director.
It was very difficult at first. I was really disappointed until one day, in London, when I saw performance by Cirque du Soleil. "These guys took some run-down entertainment, and put it to the highest possible level of performance art." Inspiration lighted me up, "Why can't we do the same with the newspapers. We started to redesign the newspapers, one by one.
We used our imagination. We treated the whole newspaper as one piece, one composition — like music.
Music has a rhythm, has ups and downs. Design is responsible for this experience. Flipping through pages was readers' experience, and I was responsible for this experience.
The front page became my personal channel to talk to the readers. My approach was simple and direct. I wanted to show my understanding of art, and of reality. I wanted to make posters, not newspapers. Not even magazines: posters.
We had determination, and we kept on trying. We experimented with type, with illustration, and with photos. We kept asking: Why do we do it? What's our goal?
Design was not only about the front page. It was a part of the process. To be good was not enough. The process we made was about improving the product completely.
We adjusted the content accordingly. We improved everything to what our readers thought it should be and how they liked reading it. We kept improving, and we had fun.
Soon in Poland , our pages were named "Covers of the Year" three times in a row. One year later, this newspaper, in the same country, they named it the "World's Best-Designed Newspaper". Two years later, the same award came to Estonia. The circulation of the newspapers kept going up. They became more and more popular.
Someone may think we are buying time, but our newspapers are alive, and growing.
For as long as we can remember, one of the most popular ways parents use to punish their children has been the "time out".
It seems that it is a good idea: the child sits on his own to reflect (反思) on what he has done. Then, when the time is up, he will apologize and learn from the mistake.
However, just because it's something that's been done for years, that doesn't mean it is the right thing to do. In fact, very often, children don't sit nicely and think about what they've done. Instead, they need to be told a few (or many) times to go back to their places and stay quiet. They're not reflecting on why they are in the "time out" at all. More likely than not, they're probably just really angry, and 'so' are the parents. In the end, both the parents and the children make each other unhappy, or even angry.
What can parents do to change this situation? You may have already heard of things like peaceful parenting (育儿) and gentle parenting. These focus on the relationship between parent and child through building trust and love. So, instead of starting a "time out", try something called "time in". A "time in" needs both parent and child to stay close until both get calm. After that, the parent, and child can discuss what happened and solve the problem together. If the child can make changes, everyone can then move on.
As we all know, punishment and violence (暴力) seldom work and will never teach the children what the right way to act is. A "time in" can be the great time for the children to learn through mistakes, Kids learn how to build their emotional and social skills through difficult situations. So, instead of punishing them for acting their age, we can use chances to teach and guide them to a place of learning.
A "time in" may take more time, but it does work.
The world is full of amazing nature, buildings, technology and discoveries. Some are man-made and others happen naturally.
In Japan. there are roads that play music as cars travel over them. Grooves (沟) are carefully cut into the surface of the road The spaces between the grooves make different music as cars touch them. The closer the groves are, the louder the music will be..
Bicycle in the tree
On Vashon Island, Washington, a bike is seen high up in a tree. The bike is not hanging on a branch (树枝) 一it is fixed in the tree and the tree has continued growing upwards. The tree grows around the bike instead of pushing it over, making it part of its growth.
In Cappadocia, Turkey, a man knocked down a wall of his home and discovered a huge underground city. It has many tunnels (隧道), rooms and wells. Thousands of shafts (通风井) bring air to even the deepest levels. The city is huge enough for 200 people and their animals to live in.