湖南省衡阳市第八中学2017届高三第二次模拟(实验班)英语考试试卷

更新日期:2017-08-31 类型:高考模拟 手机版:Wap

一、阅读理解

  • 1. 阅读理解
        Kathy Fletcher and David Simpson have a son named Santi. He had a friend who sometimes went to school hungry. So Santi invited him to occasionally eat and sleep at his house.
        That friend had a friend and that friend had a friend, and now when you go to dinner at Kathy and David's house on Thursday night there might be 15 to 20 teenagers gathering around the table, and later there will be groups of them crashing in the basement or in the few small bedrooms upstairs. The kids who show up at Kathy and David's have suffered the pains of modern poverty: homelessness, hunger, abuse.
        And yet by some miracle, hostile soil has produced beautiful flowers. Kids come from around the city. Spicy chicken and black rice are served. Cellphones are banned. The kids who call Kathy and David “Momma” and “Dad,” are polite and clear the dishes. Birthdays and graduations are celebrated. Songs are performed. Each meal we go around the table and everybody has to say something nobody else knows about them. Each meal the kids show their promise to care for one another.
        The adults in this community give the kids the chance to present their gifts. “At my first dinner, Edd read a poem that I first thought was from Langston Hughes, but it turned out to be his own. Kesari has a voice that somehow appeared from New Orleans jazz from the 1920s. Madeline and Thalya practice friendship as if it were the highest art form.”
        “They give us a gift — complete intolerance of social distance. When I first met Edd, I held out my hand to shake his. He looked at it and said, “We hug here,” and we've been hugging since.”
        Bill Milliken, a veteran youth activist, is often asked which programs turn around kids' lives. “I still haven't seen one program change one kid's life,” he says. “What changes people is relationships. Somebody is willing to walk through the shadow of the valley of adolescence with them.” Souls are not saved in bundles. Love is the necessary force.
    (1)、Why do kids come to Kathy and David's house on Thursdays?
    A、To help the homeless at first hand. B、To experience the feeling of home. C、To learn about the modern poverty. D、To plant beautiful flowers in poor soil.
    (2)、Why isn't the use of cell phones allowed at Thursday dinners?
    A、Kids need to tell stories about themselves. B、Kids are expected to care more for each other. C、Kids have to do house chores around the home. D、Kids prepare songs for birthdays and graduations.
    (3)、What gift did the writer get at a Thursday dinner?
    A、The practice of the art form. B、The pleasure of enjoying jazz. C、The chance to listen to poems. D、The zero distance between souls.
    (4)、What does Bill mean in his words?
    A、Love is the power to change a kid's life. B、Money is needed to start programs for kids. C、A program can change a group of kid's lives. D、Kids change their relationships in a program.
  • 2. 阅读理解
        In many countries, schools have long summer holidays, with shorter holidays in between. However, a new report suggests shortening school holidays to stop children forgetting what they have learnt during the long summer break. Instead of three school terms, it says, there should be five eight-week terms. And there should be just four weeks off in the summer, with a two-week break between the other terms.
        Sonia Montero has two children at primary school and works full-time. She supports the idea. “The kids,” she says, “have much longer holidays than me and I can't afford to take several weeks off work, so I need someone to take care of them. But nobody wants the work in the summer months — they all have holidays of their own.”
        Not surprisingly, some young people disagree. Student Jason Panos says “It's a stupid idea. I would hate staying at school in the summer. It's unfair, too. The people who suggest this had long school holidays when they were young, but now they want to stop us enjoying the summer. The kids in Spain and America have much longer holidays than here, but they don't forget everything they've learnt in a few months.”
        Nadia Salib agrees. “Sure,” she says, “the first week at school after the summer is never easy, but you soon get back into it. The real problem round here is that kids get bored after so many weeks out of school, and then some of them start causing trouble. But the answer is to give them something to do, not make everyone stay in school longer.”
    (1)、Why is Sonia in support of shorter school holidays?
    A、She doesn't get any summer holidays in her job. B、She is worried that her children will forget what they've learnt. C、She can't afford to pay someone to look after her children. D、She can't get anyone to look after her children in summer.
    (2)、What does Jason say about long summer holidays?
    A、They can help children forget about school. B、Schools in other countries don't have them. C、These days many older people have them too. D、They have little influence on children's education.
    (3)、What does Nadia say about young people on summer holidays?
    A、They would like to spend more time at school. B、Long holidays are very bad for their education. C、They need something to do to enrich themselves. D、Long holidays should be shortened to stop them causing trouble.
  • 3. 阅读理解
        Earlier this year, the social media website Facebook announced that it would work with several news organizations — including The New York Times, The Guardian, and the BBC — to place news stories directly into users' personal Facebook webpage.  Stories published using Facebook Instant will load more quickly and keep the style of the original publisher, who will keep all the advertising income the stories earn — at least for now. The deal shows how important social media has become to news organizations, and is a clear sign of how the world of news is changing — and has been for a while.
        When Google News began in 2002, many saw it as the death of the newspaper. It had no human editor. Instead Google used, and still uses, a secret computer program that selects and displays news stories according to the reader's personal interests. More recently, Associated Press and Yahoo! have been publishing computer-written articles. Both use special software to automatically produce stories about company financial results and sports reports — areas where the quality of writing is felt to be of secondary importance to the accuracy of the data.
        Should we be worried about such developments? I think we should. One concern is that facebook, Google and other social media websites see journalism as a sideline, a way of putting people in front of advertisements. It isn't their primary function — so if it stops making them lots of money, they're likely to stop doing it.
        There's also a concern that computer-written articles are not actually journalism at all, because what a human news team produces is actually quite complex. A well-written news story puts information in context, offers a voice to each side of an argument and brings the public new knowledge.
        Though economics and speed of delivery mean readers will probably choose a computer-written story over a carefully shaped article — at least for daily news — I don't think the computers will be writing any in-depth articles for a while yet.
    (1)、What is the main purpose of the article?
    A、To report on a new computer service offered by Facebook.. B、To advise readers against reading computer-written news. C、To express concern about recent trends in online news. D、To describe the process of online news reporting.
    (2)、Computer-written news reports have so far focused on sports and finance because ________.
    A、these are the most popular topics for online readers B、there are fewer journalists specializing in these areas C、information on these topics is more easily available D、writing style is less important than accuracy in these areas
    (3)、What does the underlined word “It” in Paragraph 3 refer to?
    A、Journalism. B、Advertising. C、Facebook. D、Business.
    (4)、In Paragraph 4, which of the following is mentioned as a characteristic of a well-written news article?
    A、The information presented is up-to-date. B、The author's opinion is clear. C、Different views on the topic are presented. D、The language used is vivid.
  • 4. 阅读理解
        The Rugby (英式橄榄球) World Cup is currently being held in New Zealand. The tournament, due to finish on October 23, is living up to the famous English saying, “Rugby is a thug's (暴徒) game played gentlemen. ”
        The games are physically aggressive; the tackles (冲撞) on the pitch are brutal; but the end of each match is a civilized affair. Players shake hands and applaud each other. Of course, the other side to this saying is: "Football is a gentleman's game played by thugs. " Indeed, unlike soccer players, rugby players don't often question the referee's (裁判员) decisions or pretend to be injured when they are not.
        “Football could learn a lot from rugby," said Brian Moore, a former England rugby player "The wonderful spirit of rugby is: there is a gentlemanly code to it. You play hard on the pitch, but you always respect your opponent..
        Rugby is mainly played in Europe. Australia, New Zealand and parts of Africa. "It is more enjoyable to play than soccer because you are always involved in the game," said Peter, a Welsh rugby coach. "Rugby is also a far superior test of strength, stamina (耐力) and determination. "
        Most professional rugby players are large, strong and weigh over 90 kilograms. People who play the sport need to be tough and be prepared to get hurt. Black eyes, broken bones, lost teeth and being knocked unconscious—all these are common injuries. Former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown is blind in one eye thanks to a rugby accident at school.
        In England, children begin playing the game at school at the age of 8. When they enter high school, many begin to play full contact rugby. Children are taught to play for around one hour a week during their PE lessons. Most schools have a rugby team. Children who play for the school team are usually the sportiest kids, and are seen as brave and athletic.
    (1)、What can be concluded from the first three paragraphs?
    A、Football players are not real gentlemen. B、There is a better spirit in playing rugby than football. C、Football players are not as athletic as rugby players. D、Brian Moore thinks that rules should be stricter in football.
    (2)、According to the passage, Peter thinks ______.
    A、rugby players pretend to be injured when they are not B、rugby is not very popular in America and Asia C、rugby makes people enjoy sports better than soccer D、rugby needs players' strong will rather than strength
    (3)、The example of Gordon Brown is mentioned in order to           .
    A、prove that playing rugby can earn people fame B、explain why Gordon Brown is blind in one eye C、support the point that rugby players often get hurt D、warn teenagers against playing rugby at school
    (4)、What can we infer from the passage?
    A、Teenagers will lose interest in football. B、English children have a talent for rugby. C、Playing rugby doesn't involve skills. D、Rugby is not suitable for everyone.

二、完形填空

  • 5. 完形填空
        We always celebrated my Dad's November birthday on Thanksgiving Day, even after he entered a nursing home. As years went on, these events took on a(n) 1 meaning – a traditional birthday party for Dad, and a personal 2 for all that he had done for me in my life.
        When we knew that it might be Dad's 3 birthday, the whole family decided to come together for a huge birthday celebration at the nursing home. It was a crowded party 4 all of us sitting around him. Dad was a wonderful 5 , and here was a biggest audience he'd ever had.
        During a quiet moment, I announced that it was now Dad's turn to 6 stories from us. I wanted everyone to tell Dad what we loved about him. 7 , we told stories from our hearts, 8 Dad listened with wet, flashing blue eyes. We 9 all kinds of lost memories – stories about when we were little, stories about when Dad was young and stories that are shared as family 10 . Even the littlest grandchildren couldn't 11 to tell their grandfather why they loved him. For a man who had been kind to so many people in his life, here was our 12 to honor him.
        A few months later, at Dad's memorial service, we fully realized what we had given Dad that night. Those were the stories people normally tell at a 13 . They are told, then, full of tears, with the hope that the departed will somehow hear the outpouring of love. 14  we had given those loving 15 to Dad when he was 16 , told through laughter, accompanied by hugs and joy. I'm sure the stories and memories 17 over in his mind during his last months and days.
        Words do 18 , and they are enough. We need to say them, to speak them 19 to the ones we love, for everyone else to hear. That's the way to 20 love, and our chance to honor a person in life.
    (1)
    A、original B、modern C、complex D、double
    (2)
    A、congratulation B、wish C、thanking D、apology
    (3)
    A、late B、lost C、living D、last
    (4)
    A、with B、as C、though D、by
    (5)
    A、writer B、listener C、storyteller D、reader
    (6)
    A、hear of B、listen to C、make up D、talk about
    (7)
    A、Little by little B、Now and then C、All at once D、One after another
    (8)
    A、if B、because C、while D、before
    (9)
    A、recalled B、recorded C、regretted D、Remembered
    (10)
    A、thoughts B、treasures C、possessions D、tales
    (11)
    A、afford B、help C、wait D、offer
    (12)
    A、chance B、task C、duty D、decision
    (13)
    A、burial B、party C、meeting D、wedding
    (14)
    A、And B、But C、So D、Or
    (15)
    A、kindness B、memories C、care D、hugs
    (16)
    A、healthy B、old C、young D、alive
    (17)
    A、went B、flew C、rolled D、came
    (18)
    A、benefit B、matter C、work D、mean
    (19)
    A、publicly B、properly C、consciously D、correctly
    (20)
    A、fall in B、search for C、hand over D、give back

三、短文填空

  • 6. 短文填空
        I remember the occasion when mother sent me to the main road, about twenty yards away from our house, to invite a passing group of seasonal work-seekers for a meal. She(instruct) me to take a basket along and collect dry cow dung(牛粪) for making a fire. I was then to prepare the meal for the group of work-seekers.
         thought of making an open fire outside at midday,and(cook)in a large three-legged pot in that intense heat, was sufficient to upset even an angel. I did not manage to hide my feelings from my mother and, after serving the group, she called me to the veranda(走廊) she usually sat to attend to her sewing and knitting.
         straight into my eyes, she asked “Why did you get angry I requested you to prepare a meal for those poor people?” my attempt to deny her blame,using the heat of the fire and the sun as an excuse for my rude behavior, mother, she gave me a firm look,(say), “You cannot detect what trouble may lie ahead of you.”
        I (sudden) realized that if I had refused to offer this group of people a meal,would be impossible that in my travels some time in the future,I would get these individuals' help.

四、短文改错

  • 7. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意:1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
    2)只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
        Have you ever had a headache during a test? Have you ever been too worried about something that you have a headache or even can't sleep at night? If so, then you know that stress is.
        Not all stress is bad for you. Some kinds of stress can help you get things do better, like when you are running towards the finishing line or when you are being asked to give a speech to your class. Stress sometimes can help push you to make full preparation for a test. However, too much stress can result in anger, depression and other related problems, which we need to take serious.
        There are many things in our life what might cause stress ------ having too much homework, taking a difficult test, and having economic problems.
        It's impossible to live in a life completely free of stress, so you should learn to deal with stress. The best way reduce stress is to have a balance life. If you get enough sleep, eat properly, take more exercise and have enough fun time, you'll probably feel less stressed.

五、书面表达

  • 8. 假如你是李华。你看到美国留学生Sharon在网上发贴,希望有人能帮助她提高普通话(Mandarin)水平,她可以教英语作为回报。请根据以下提示用英语给她写一封电子邮件。
    1)表达给她提供帮助的意愿;
    2)说明你能胜任辅导的理由;
    3)给出讲好普通话的两点建议;
    4)提出你学习英语的具体需求。
    注意:
    1)词数100左右,开头语已为你写好;
    2)可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
    Hi Sharon,
        This is Li Hua. I learned from your post that you want to improve your Mandarin. ……
    Yours,
    Li Hua