备考2019年高考英语二轮专题复习:语法填空

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英语考试

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    一、语法填空
    • 1. (2018•浙江)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

          Few people I know seem to have much desire or time to cook. Making Chinese{#blank#}1{#/blank#}(dish) is seen as especially troublesome. Many westerners {#blank#}2{#/blank#} come to China cook much less than in their own countries once they realize how cheap {#blank#}3{#/blank#}can be to eat out. I still remember{#blank#}4{#/blank#}(visit) a friend who'd lived here for five years and I{#blank#}5{#/blank#}(shock) when I learnt she hadn't cooked once in all that time.

          While regularly eating out seems to{#blank#}6{#/blank#}(become) common for many young people in recent years, it's not without a cost. The obvious one is money; eating out once or twice a week may be{#blank#}7{#/blank#}(afford) but doing this most days adds up. There could be an even{#blank#}8{#/blank#}(high) cost on your health. Researchers have found that there is a direct link between the increase in food eaten outside the home and the rise in {#blank#}9{#/blank#}(weigh) problems.

          If you are not going to suffer this problem, then I suggest that the next time you go to your mum's home {#blank#}10{#/blank#}dinner, get a few cooking tips from her. Cooking food can be fun. You might also begin to notice the effects not only on your health but in your pocket.

    • 2. (2018•卷Ⅲ)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

          I'm not sure {#blank#}1{#/blank#} is more frightened, me or the female gorilla(大猩猩)that suddenly appears out of nowhere. I'm walking on a path in the forest in the Central African Republic. Unexpectedly, I'm face-to-face with the gorilla, who begins screaming at {#blank#}2{#/blank#} top of her lungs. That makes her baby scream, and then a 400-pound male appears. He screams the {#blank#}3{#/blank#}(loud)of all. The noise shakes the trees as the male beats his chest and charges toward me. I quickly lower myself, ducking my head to avoid {#blank#}4{#/blank#}(look) directly into his eyes so he doesn't feel{#blank#}5{#/blank#}(challenge).

          My name is Mireya Mayor. I'm a {#blank#}6{#/blank#}(science)who studies animals such as apes and monkeys. I was searching {#blank#}7{#/blank#} these three western lowland gorillas I'd been observing. No one had seen them for hours, and my colleagues and I were worried.

          When the gorillas and I frightened each other, I was just glad to find {#blank#}8{#/blank#}(they) alive. True to a gorilla's unaggressive nature, the huge animal {#blank#}9{#/blank#}(mean)me no real harm. He was just saying: "I'm king of this forest, and here is your reminder!" Once his message was delivered, he allowed me {#blank#}10{#/blank#} (stay)and watch.

    • 3. (2018•卷Ⅱ)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

          Diets have changed in China-and so too has its top crop. Since 2011,the country{#blank#}1{#/blank#}(grow)more corn than rice. Corn production has jumped nearly 125 percent over{#blank#}2{#/blank#}past 25 years, while rice has increased only 7 percent.

          A taste for meat is{#blank#}3{#/blank#}(actual) behind the change. An important part of its corn is used to feed chickens, pigs, and cattle. Another reason for corn's rise. The government encourages farmers to grow corn instead of rice{#blank#}4{#/blank#}(improve) water quality. Corn uses less water{#blank#}5{#/blank#}rice and creates less fertilizer(化肥) runoff. This switch has decreased{#blank#}6{#/blank#}(pollute) in the country's major lakes and reservoirs and made drinking water safer for people.

          According to the World Bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total{#blank#}7{#/blank#}(globe)fertilizer consumption. The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture finds that between 2005-when the government {#blank#}8{#/blank#} (start) a soil-testing program {#blank#}9{#/blank#} gives specific fertilizer recommendations to farmers - and 2011, fertilizer use dropped by 7.7 million tons. That prevented the emission(排放) of 51.8 million tons of carbon dioxide. China's approach to protecting its environment while {#blank#}10{#/blank#} (feed) its citizens "offers useful lessons for agriculture and food policymakers worldwide." says the bank's Juergen Voegele.

    • 4. (2018•卷Ⅰ)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

          According to a review of evidence in a medical journal runners live three years{#blank#}1{#/blank#}(long) than non-runners You don't have to run fast or for long{#blank#}2{#/blank#}(see)the benefit You may drink, smoke, be overweight and still reduce your risk of {#blank#}3{#/blank#}(die)early by running.

          While running regularly can make you live forever, the review says it {#blank#}4{#/blank#} (be)more effective at lengthening life {#blank#}5{#/blank#}walking ,cycling or swimming. Two of the authors of the review also made a study published in 2014 {#blank#}6{#/blank#}showed a mere five to 10 minutes a day of running reduced the risk of heart disease and early deaths from all {#blank#}7{#/blank#}(cause).

          The best exercise is one that you enjoy and will do. But otherwise ……

      It's probably running. To avoid knee pain, you can run on soft surfaces to {#blank#}8{#/blank#}(strength)your leg muscles(肌肉),avoid hills and get good running shoes. Running is cheap, easy and it's always {#blank#}9{#/blank#}(energy). If you are time poor, you need run for only half the time to get the same benefits other sports, so perhaps we should all give {#blank#}10{#/blank#}a try.

    • 5. (2017•浙江)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)

          Last October , while tending her garden in Mora , Sweden , Lena Pahlsson pulled out a handful of small {#blank#}1{#/blank#}(carrot) and was about to throw them away. But something made her look closer , and she noticed a {#blank#}2{#/blank#}(shine) object. Yes, there beneath the leafy top of one tiny carrot was her long-lost wedding ring.

          Pahlsson screamed{#blank#}3{#/blank#}loudly that her daughter came running from the house. “she thought I had hurt{#blank#}4{#/blank#}(I),”says Pahlsson

          Sixteen years{#blank#}5{#/blank#}(early), Pahlsson had removed the diamond ring {#blank#}6{#/blank#} (cook) a meal. When she wanted to put the ring back on later, it was gone. She suspected that one of her three daughters —then ten, eight, and six— had picked it up, but the girls said they hadn't. Pahlsson and her husband {#blank#}7{#/blank#} (search) the kitchen, checking every corner, but turned up nothing. “I gave up hope of finding my ring again," she says. She never replaced it.   

          Pahlsson and her husband now think the ring probably got {#blank#}8{#/blank#} (sweep) into a pile of kitchen rubbish and was spread over the garden, {#blank#}9{#/blank#}it remained until the carrot's leafy top accidentally sprouted (生长) through it. For Pahlsson, its return was {#blank#}10{#/blank#} wonder.

    • 6. (2017·新课标Ⅲ)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

          She looks like any other schoolgirl, fresh-faced and full of life. Sarah Thomas is looking forward to the challenge of her new A-level course . But unlike school friends ,16-year-old Sarah is not spending half-term  {#blank#}1{#/blank#} (rest). Instead, she is earning $6500 a day as {#blank#}2{#/blank#} model in New York.

          Sarah  {#blank#}3{#/blank#} (tell) that she could be Britain's new supermodel, earning a million dollars in the new year. Her father Peter44,want her to give up school to model fulltime. But Sarah, {#blank#}4{#/blank#}has taken part in shows along with top models, wants  {#blank#}5{#/blank#} (prove) that she has brains as well as beauty. She is determined to carry on with her{#blank#}6{#/blank#}(educate).

          She has turned down several {#blank#}7{#/blank#}(invitation) to star at shows in order to concentrate on her studies. After school she plans to take a year off to model full time before going to university to get a degree {#blank#}8{#/blank#} engineering or architecture.

          Sarah says, "My dad thinks I should take the offer now. But at the moment, school {#blank#}9{#/blank#}(come) first. I don't want to get too absorbed in modeling. It is{#blank#}10{#/blank#}(certain) fun but the lifestyle is a little unreal. I don't want to have nothing else to fall back on when I can't model my more."

    • 7. (2017•新课标Ⅱ)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

          In 1863 the first underground passenger railway in the world opened in London. It ran for just under seven kilometers and allowed people to avoid terrible {#blank#}1{#/blank#} (crowd) on the roads above as they travelled to and {#blank#}2{#/blank#} work. It took three years to complete and was built using an interesting method. This included digging up the road, {#blank#}3{#/blank#}(lay) the track and then building a strong roof over{#blank#}4{#/blank#} top. When all those had been done, the road surface was replaced.

          Steam engines {#blank#}5{#/blank#}(use) to pull the carriages and it must have been{#blank#}6{#/blank#}(fair) unpleasant for the passsengers, with all the smoke and noise. However, the railway quickly proved to be a great success and within six months, more than 25,000 people were using{#blank#}7{#/blank#}every day.

          Later, engineers {#blank#}8{#/blank#}(manage) to construct railways in a system of deep tunnels (隧道), which became known as the Tube. This development was only possible with the {#blank#}9{#/blank#}(introduce) of electric-powered engines and lifts. The central London Railway was one of the most {#blank#}10{#/blank#}(success) of these new lines, and was opened in 1900. It had white-painted tunnels and bright red carriages, and proved extremely popular with the public.

    • 8. (2017•新课标Ⅰ)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

          There has been a recent trend in the food service industry toward lower fat content and less salt. This trend, which was started by the medical community(医学界){#blank#}1{#/blank#}a method of fighting heart disease, has had some unintended side{#blank#}2{#/blank#}(effect) such as overweight and heart disease—the very thing the medical community was trying to fight.

          Fat and salt are very important parts of a diet. They are required{#blank#}3{#/blank#}(process) the food that we eat, to recover from injury and for several other bodily functions. When fat and salt{#blank#}4{#/blank#}(remove) from food, the food tastes as if is missing something. As {#blank#}5{#/blank#} result, people will eat more food to try to make up for that something missing. Even {#blank#}6{#/blank#} (bad),  the amount of fast food that people eat goes up. Fast food {#blank#}7{#/blank#}  (be) full of fat and salt; by {#blank#}8{#/blank#} (eat) more fast food people will get more salt and fat than they need in their diet.

          Having enough fat and salt in your meals will reduce the urge to snack(吃点心) between meals and will improve the taste of your food. However, be {#blank#}9{#/blank#} (care) not to go to extremes. Like anything, it is possible to have too much of both, {#blank#}10{#/blank#} is not good for the health.

    • 9. 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

          Generally speaking, joy {#blank#}1{#/blank#} (express) by laughter. But as it turns out, it reveals a lot more than the fact {#blank#}2{#/blank#} you are happy. It enables listeners, even those who cannot observe you, {#blank#}3{#/blank#} (realize) if you are having a good time with a close friend or laughing {#blank#}4{#/blank#} (polite) with a complete stranger.

          At least, this is the conclusion {#blank#}5{#/blank#} (reach) by a team of scientists led by Greg Bryant, {#blank#}6{#/blank#} assistant professor of Communication Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles. The researchers began by {#blank#}7{#/blank#}(request) volunteers from across the world to send them audio clips(音频剪辑) of people laughing. The 48 tapes they received {#blank#}8{#/blank#} (range) from recent recordings of laughter between two college friends {#blank#}9{#/blank#} ones from conversations made ten years ago. The clips also had all possible {#blank#}10{#/blank#} (combine)--communications between friends, strangers, all-male groups, all-female groups, etc.

          Bryan says that the results of this cross-cultural examination show that people all over the world know laughter in similar ways.

    • 10. 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

          Chantelle Brow n-Young was not born with vitiligo (白癜风), but it has made her famous. She is the first supermodel with the skin condition, {#blank#}1{#/blank#} causes areas of skin to lose their colour.

          Chantelle was born in Toronto, Canada. At the age of four she started to develop {#blank#}2{#/blank#}(patch) of white skin and {#blank#}3{#/blank#}(diagnose) with vitiligo. No one really knows why one percent of people {#blank#}4{#/blank#}(have) this skin condition, and there is no real cure.

          At school, Chantelle was bullied for being different. The other kids often called her a 'cow', because of {#blank#}5{#/blank#} way her skin looked. She moved school several times and finally left school at 16. From now on, she decided, she {#blank#}6{#/blank#} (be) proud of her skin.

          She got down to {#blank#}7{#/blank#} (post) photos of herself on Facebook and soon was 'spotted' by a Canadian YouTube star, Shannon Boodram, who asked her to be in a music video. It was while she was doing that {#blank#}8{#/blank#} her really 'big break' happened. Tyra Banks asked her to be on America's Next Top Model.

          She didn't win, but she became famous. Her {#blank#}9{#/blank#}(profession) name now is Winnie Harlow , and she has nearly three million followers on Instagram.

          Little {#blank#}10{#/blank#} little, she is changing people's ideas about what beauty is.

    • 11. 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

          A free program {#blank#}1{#/blank#} (help) Milwaukee Public High School students realize their theater dreams at the Marcus Center for the Performing Arts.

          "My mom put me in acting classes {#blank#}2{#/blank#} I was seven because I was {#blank#}3{#/blank#} (extreme) shy," says 17-year-old Beatrice Low.

          "And I just {#blank#}4{#/blank#} (take) to it like a duck to water, I guess."

          Today, she's having the chance {#blank#}5{#/blank#} (work) one-on-one with a professional, touring actress through program at the Marcus Center for the Performing Arts.

          "I can't describe it, it's amazing, I love it," Low says.

          It {#blank#}6{#/blank#} (call) "Arts Connect" and pairs a class of young actors with theater professionals for a weeklong workshop.

          During one session, Beatrice works with actress Teri Hansen. She was in Milwaukee for the Marcus Center's recent touring {#blank#}7{#/blank#} (produce) of "An American in Paris."

          "It's the favorite thing that I do, {#blank#}8{#/blank#} (work) with aspiring artists," Hansen says.

          Together they work {#blank#}9{#/blank#} a song from the Andrew Loyd Weber musical "Tell Me on a Sunday," with an audience of Beatrice's young peers. No pressure.

          The Marcus Center makes the Arts Connect program free for students from three Milwaukee public high schools. It's has been {#blank#}10{#/blank#} invaluable—even life-changing—experience, Beatrice says.

    • 12. 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

          The British Museum, {#blank#}1{#/blank#} (locate) in the Bloomsbury area of London, is the first national public museum dedicated to human history, art and culture. Its permanent collection numbers some 8 million works, making {#blank#}2{#/blank#} one of the largest in existence. It has been {#blank#}3{#/blank#} (wide) sourced, and documenting the story of human culture {#blank#}4{#/blank#} its beginnings to the present. As with all other national museums in {#blank#}5{#/blank#} United Kingdom, it charges no admission fee. Its ownership of some of its most famous objects {#blank#}6{#/blank#} originally came from other countries is controversial, particularly in the case of the Parthenon Marbles. Today the museum no longer houses {#blank#}7{#/blank#} (collection) of natural history, and the books and manuscripts (手稿) once it {#blank#}8{#/blank#} (hold) now form part of the independent British Library, {#blank#}9{#/blank#} it still keeps its universality in collections of artificial works {#blank#}10{#/blank#} (represent) the cultures of the world, ancient and modern.

    • 13. 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式(不多于3个单词)。

          In 1608, Thomas Coryate, an Englishman, visited Italy. He liked the country and noted down every interesting thing {#blank#}1{#/blank#} he had found. But there was one thing he found {#blank#}2{#/blank#} (interesting) than the others. In his diary, Thomas wrote, “When the Italians eat meat, they use small forks instead of their hands. As they say, people don't always have clean hands”

          Before {#blank#}3{#/blank#} (leave) for England, Thomas bought a few forks. At home he gave a dinner party to show the {#blank#}4{#/blank#} (invent) to his friends. When the servants brought the steak, he took out a fork and began to eat {#blank#}5{#/blank#} people did in Italy.

          Everybody looked at him in surprise. When he told his friends what it was, they all wanted {#blank#}6{#/blank#} (take) a good look at the strange thing. They said that the Italians were very strange people, for the fork was not very convenient.

          Thomas tried to prove the opposite. He said it was not nice to eat meat {#blank#}7{#/blank#} one's fingers because they were not always clean. He wanted to show how easy {#blank#}8{#/blank#} was to use the fork. But the first piece of meat he took with the fork {#blank#}9{#/blank#} (fall) to the floor. His friends began to laugh and he had to take the fork away.

          Only fifty years later {#blank#}10{#/blank#} people in England begin to use forks.

    • 14. 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

          Chinese President Xi Jinping has praised a group of middle school students for their efforts in satellite design. He said he was pleased with their curiosity and bravery in {#blank#}1{#/blank#} (science) exploration. The president also wished the teachers and students in Bayi School {#blank#}2{#/blank#} happy new year.

          Xi made the praise in a letter {#blank#}3{#/blank#} (write) to the students in Beijing's Bayi School on Saturday. A small satellite designed and developed by them {#blank#}4{#/blank#} (send) into space last Wednesday at Taiyuan Satellite Launch (发射) Center {#blank#}5{#/blank#} it was designed to operate in orbit (轨道) for 180 days.

          Three months ago, Xi returned to his high school, to visit a laboratory and talk to teachers and students {#blank#}6{#/blank#} were designing the small satellite. The president said he was {#blank#}7{#/blank#} (extreme) glad to know that the satellite designed by the students would be launched and called on them to become {#blank#}8{#/blank#} (build) of the country. Xi warmly encouraged the students {#blank#}9{#/blank#} (study) science and contribute to the development of China. He hoped that the students would keep hungry for knowledge and develop {#blank#}10{#/blank#} (they) national spirit.

    • 15. 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

          Martin Strel swims with a knife {#blank#}1{#/blank#} (fasten) to his right leg—in case he meets sharks and other {#blank#}2{#/blank#}  (dead) sea life in the world's wildest waters. {#blank#}3{#/blank#} 61-year-old marathon swimmer has announced the {#blank#}4{#/blank#} (tough) challenge of his life: a 10,000-mile-around-the-world journey on water {#blank#}5{#/blank#} (draw) public attention to the increasing water {#blank#}6{#/blank#} (pollute). He aims to circle the globe in about 450 days, passing through oceans, rivers,{#blank#}7{#/blank#} (canal) and other bodies of water in more than 100 countries. He will swim about 5 to 12 hours each day, depending on the weather. A boat will go {#blank#}8{#/blank#} him and offer emergency support and space for small breaks.

          Since 2000, Strel {#blank#}9{#/blank#} (swim) the entire length of five rivers in China, America, etc. Strel will not be alone in the water. He says he welcomes {#blank#}10{#/blank#} is interested in joining him for parts of the route.

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