山东省菏泽市2017-2018学年度高二下学期英语期末考试试卷

更新日期:2018-08-08 类型:期末考试 手机版:Wap

一、阅读理解

  • 1. 阅读理解    Booking
        The majority of event tickets are on sale from Bath Box Office.
        Online: www. bathboxoffice.org.uk
        By email: boxoflfice@bathfesicals.org.uk
        By telephone: +44(0)1225 463362 (Monday to Friday)
        In person: Bath Box Office, Bath Visitor Information Centre, Abbey Chambers.
        Opening times: Monday-Saturday 10:30am to 5pm (Closed on Sunday)
        Tickets not on sale at Bath Box Office are indicated on our website and also in the programme.
        Travel information
        Bath will be very crowded on Saturdays,so we recommend that you start earlier for your journey considering the busy traffic.
        Find out about travelling to Bath by car,train, coach and plane. The main train station is Bath Spa, the closest airport is Bristol, and there is quite a lot of parking but it fills up quickly. National Express has coaches to and from Bath.
        Parking
        The closest car park to the Assembly Rooms (the starting point for the Promenade) is located in Charlotte Street, which is divided into several sections. Parking in the top section means the shortest walk to the start in the Assembly Rooms.
        Park and Ride will be very busy on Saturdays with visitors to the city. Please allow plenty of time to park and catch the bus, and we suggest at least one hour from parking the car to getting into the city center plus walking time from the bus stop to the Assembly Rooms.
        Accessibility
        For accessibility, please see the list. Most places are a least partly accessible. If using a wheelchair, please advise the Box office so that suitable arrangements can be made for your comfort.
    (1)、Tickets are not available       .
    A、by telephone of Saturday B、in person on Friday C、online D、by email
    (2)、What do we know about the transport to Bath?
    A、More improvement should be made. B、You can park easily in the airport at any time. C、Tourists can get there by different means of transport. D、It's better to take a coach than a train.
    (3)、Which statement is TRUE according to the passage?
    A、You can find only one parking lot in Bath. B、You should allow extra time for your journey on Saturdays. C、You need to walk a long way when parking in the top section. D、All the places are easily accessible to people with disabilities.
  • 2. 阅读理解    For many years, Bruce Bexler dreamed of going to the lands no human had explored and discovered rare, unknown species. That might sound like an impossible dream, but Bexler turned it into a reality.
        In December 2015, he, together with a team of Australian and American scientists, adventured into a rain forest on the island of New Guinea. They were the first people ever to enter the region. “As we were dropped on the ground by helicopter, we found no trails anywhere; it was really hard to get around,” Bexler says.
        Within minutes of landing, the team spotted a black chicken-like bird. The scientists soon determined that the creature was a type of honeyeater-the first new bird species to be sighted on New Guinea in 60 years. The honeyeater wasn't the only surprise for them. They discovered more than 40 previously unknown plant and animal species. “We were like kids in a candy store?' Bexler recalls. “Everywhere we looked, we saw amazing things we had never seen before.”
        The new found species didn't shy away from the scientists. Two long-nosed echidnas even let the visitors pick them up and take them back to camp to study them. Bexler thinks the animals weren't scared because they had never seen humans before. He explains, “This area gives scientists a place where they can study the behaviours of animals that have not yet learned to be afraid of people.”
        Bexler and his team did not have enough time to study the area completely. “We just scratched the surface, Bexler says. “Anyone who goes there will come back with a mystery.”
    (1)、Which word can best describe Bruce Bexler?
    A、Adventurous. B、Cautious. C、Optimistic. D、Reliable.
    (2)、What does the underlined sentence suggest in the third paragraph?
    A、They enjoyed the experience of being in a candy store. B、They were very excited about what they discovered. C、They were misbehaving like naughty children. D、Their next search might help them get sugar.
    (3)、Why did the long-nosed echidnas allow the scientists to take them back for their study?
    A、The scientists were very friendly to them. B、The scientists were skilled in handling animals. C、They had been well-trained by the local people. D、They had never been threatened by people.
    (4)、We can infer from Bexler's words in the last paragraph that       .
    A、the scientists have learned enough about the deep rain forest B、the area is likely to keep untouched in the future C、more unknown plants and animals are to be discovered there D、whoever goes there can uncover the mystery of the forest
  • 3. 阅读理解    Once an old man rose early to read each morning. His grandson wanted to be just like his grandfather, so tried to emulate him every way he could.
        One day the grandson asked, “Grandpa, I try to read just like you do, but I don't understand most of it, and I forget whatever I do understand immediately I close the book. So what good is it for me to read?”
        The grandfather, who was putting coal on the fire, said, “Take this coal basket down to the river and bring me back a basket of water.”
        The boy did as told to, but the water leaked out before he could get the basket home.
        The grandfather laughed, saying, “You'll have to move a little faster.” This time he ran faster, but again the basket emptied. Out of breath, he decided it was impossible to carry water in a basket, and he went to get a bucket (桶). But the grandfather said, “I want a basket of water instead of a bucket of water. You're just not trying hard enough.”
        The boy knew what he was trying to accomplish was impossible. However, he decided to show his grandfather a third time.
        The boy dipped the basket into the river and ran as hard as he could. With the empty basket, he gasped (喘气说), “See Grandpa? It's useless!”
        “So you think it useless?” the old man asked. ''Then look at the basket.” To his surprise, the boy found it washed clean of the dirty coal stains and now clean inside and out.
        “My child, that's what happens when you read the book. You might not understand or remember everything, but the words will change you inside and out. That is the work of reading in our lives.”
    (1)、Why did the man tell the boy to fetch a basket of water?
    A、The work was too much for himself. B、The work could test how fast the boy ran. C、He intended to train the boy to run faster. D、He meant to inspire the boy through an example.
    (2)、What does the underline word “emulate” in Paragraph 1 most probably mean?
    A、Admire. B、Encourage. C、Challenge. D、Copy.
    (3)、Which of the following words can be used to describe the grandfather?
    A、Wise and diligent. B、Healthy and smart. C、Thoughtful and loving. D、Serious and knowledgeable.
    (4)、What would be the best title for this passage?
    A、The Power of Reading B、A Basket of Water C、Old Man and His Grandson D、On Reading Book
  • 4. 阅读理解    Schools across the world are trying to come up with solutions to keep students active. Some are replacing traditional classroom chairs with exercise balls or standing desks. At Ward Elementary School in Winston, North Carolina students have adopted a new program that requires riding fixed bikes while reading.
        'Read and Ride5 is the creation of school counselor Scott Ertl, who came up with the idea while he was exercising and reading at the gym. Believing it would be a fun way to convince students to become more active, he placed one in the comer of his classroom and encouraged them to use it during independent reading classes.
        It was so popular that Ertl decided to add more bikes and offer the Read and Ride program to the entire school. Today Ward Elementary has a dedicated exercise room filled with bikes that can be used by students while completing their daily reading assignments.
        Besides making reading more fun, the program also helps students exercise at a comfortable pace without the pressure that comes with regular sports-related activities. It is also a perfect way to release energy during days when the weather is not helpful to outdoor activities.
        Most importantly, however, are the program's academic benefits. A year after Read and Ride was introduced at Ward Elementary School, students actively involved in the program demonstrated an astonishing 83% reading proficiency. Those that had not taken advantage of the exercise bikes tested at a much lower, 41%.
        Though the substantial improvement in academic achievement cannot all be attributed to programs like Read and Ride, experts believe they are a significant contributor. That's because studies have shown that physical activity stimulates (刺激) brain cells and helps prepare it for learning. As word of the difference made by this easy to execute exercise program spreads, don't be surprised to find schools across the country adopt “Read and Ride” for their students.
    (1)、What is the new program at Ward Elementary School?
    A、Kids ride bikes as they read. B、Kids excise balls and read at the gym. C、Kids sit at desks for long while reading, D、Kids do outdoor activities during lessons.
    (2)、How do the students at Ward Elementary School benefit from the program?
    A、They exercise with high pressure. B、They feel reading fun and learn better. C、They improve their sense of competition. D、They are instructed to read at the same pace.
    (3)、What can we learn from the last paragraph?
    A、The program will be more and more popular. B、Schools doubt whether the program is available. C、Physical activities prevent kids from learning more. D、The school achievement depends wholly on the program.
    (4)、What would be the best title of the passage?
    A、Standing desks help school kids focus on their studies. B、Traditional teaching should be banned in the near future. C、'Read And Ride' aims to make students healthier and smarter. D、Kids need to release energy during independent reading classes.

二、任务型阅读

  • 5. 任务型阅读    There is no doubt that the first day of school can be crazy for most of students. New kids wander (徘) around in circles, waiting for the opening of the school door. The school nurse needs your medical records.  The freshmen are running in all directions, looking for their new classrooms.
        How can you overcome the first-day chaos? If you will go to a new school, try to arrange a visit before classes begin. Explore any areas, such as the playground, library, or school labs.
        Get one and read it before your school, starts-then keep it in your school bag until you're familiar with your new surroundings. Your first day is also the time to bring in school supplies and books.
        You should arrange your schoolbag well the night before you go to school so that you won't look for what you need at the last minute.
        Did you try on eight different coats before deciding on what to wear? The best choice is to wear what makes you feel good, whether it is a new coat or an old sweater. If you plan to wear a pair of shoes, make sure they fit you well.
         Some start with a gathering, while others may jump right into the first-period class. You'll meet your new teachers, and they will probably give you an overview of the courses, class rules, what the semester will be like, what supplies you'll need, and expectations of your performance and behavior. Some teachers will jump into their first lesson, while others may have some activities.
    A. Some schools even offer maps.
    B. But you forget to bring it with you.
    C. It all depends on the class and teacher.
    D. Don't depend on your parents any more.
    E. Each school has different opening-days.
    F. You can also try to ask the teachers for help.
    G. Lots of students have difficulty deciding on what to wear on the first day of school.

三、完形填空

  • 6. 阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,。    How much do you laugh and smile during the day? Do you take your life and your illness or injury so 1 that there is no room for joy to fill you? Want a totally free, simple way to lift your 2 and improve your health with no medicine needed? Then laughing and smiling is 3 to you.
        So laugh your way to happiness.4 it takes to put a smile on your face is what you should be doing. Research shows that laughing can increase the immune system,5 the body to stay disease free and fight colds and the flu.
        If you are facing an illness, having a positive life opinion and a 6 of humor will keep your body open to healing. If you are healthy, laughing will help to make sure you stay that way, and can 7 enjoyment to your work and home life and 8 your daily stress.
        Certainly, it can be 9 to keep a positive opinion of life all the time. Simply taking the time to 10 on the positive and treat for the good things 11 in your life can help 12, but if you are struggling with negative emotions that you just can't seem to 13, there are tools that can help.
        There are so many things out there to smile about and 14 you have to do is find 15. Practice looking for the bright 16 of every situation. Avoid the negative: don't 17 yourself with your own problems—or 18 others for their “shortcomings”. And don't pay no attention to the joy in everyday things. Create your own “Laugh for Health”19 - anything to add to your collection and to give you fresh materials that 20 to you.
    (1)
    A、proudly B、seriously C、carefully D、freely
    (2)
    A、burdens B、spirits C、loads D、values
    (3)
    A、beneficial B、changeable C、suitable D、harmful
    (4)
    A、However B、Whenever C、Whatever D、Whichever
    (5)
    A、helping B、making C、letting D、causing
    (6)
    A、taste B、sense C、knowledge D、joy
    (7)
    A、adjust B、adapt C、apply D、add
    (8)
    A、improve B、arise C、cancel D、reduce
    (9)
    A、hard B、awful C、energetic D、helpful
    (10)
    A、absorb B、put C、focus D、interview
    (11)
    A、carefully B、thankfully C、particularly D、differently
    (12)
    A、remarkably B、accidentally C、frequently D、purposefully
    (13)
    A、seek B、stress C、accept D、overcome
    (14)
    A、all B、that C、how D、why
    (15)
    A、it B、that C、how D、why
    (16)
    A、side B、plan C、aspect D、future
    (17)
    A、depend B、abandon C、load D、ban
    (18)
    A、praise B、miss C、approve D、blame
    (19)
    A、ambition B、summary C、message D、collection
    (20)
    A、appeal B、apply C、center D、assume

四、语法填空

  • 7. 阅读下面材料,在题后空白处填入适当的内容(每空一词:)或括号内单词的正确形式。
        Online shopping is coming into fashion in most cities, where people are able to make full use of the rapidly-developing Internet technology. Nowadays, can we find a person  has not experienced online shopping? Definitely not.
        Online shopping  (welcome) by most people due to various reasons. For the consumers, it can save some time for people who don't have much spare time. Just click the mouse, they can get what they want while (stay) at home. For the retailers (零售商), it can cut some costs for those who don't have lots of funds. Compared with the  (tradition) trade mode, it doesn't need to rent a house., there are still some disadvantages in online shopping. First, a face-to-face deal makes online shopping  (little) reliable and trustworthy. Second, people will lose  fun of bargaining.
         is undeniable (不可否认的) that shopping on the Internet has become a popular trend in modem society. We need to make the relative laws in agreement  the rapid growth of online shopping. Only in this way can we enjoy the pleasure and  (convenient) of online shopping without the concern of being cheated.

五、短文改错

  • 8. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意:1)每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
    2)只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
        As we all know, we can meet with various challenges in our life. Faced with challenges, how should we do?
        Last month, our class climbed Mount Tai, that is more than 1,500 meters above sea level. Lacking exercise, I thought that this activity was great challenge for me. I felt very exhausted halfway that I wanted to give up. See this, my classmates and even some strangers encourage me. By the end, I managed to reach on the top of the mountain.
        Therefore, don't give up in face of challenges. If you are determined enough, it's certainly that you can overcome it.

六、书面表达

  • 9. 近来,一些游客旅游时的不文明行为备受热议。假设你是李华,是一名导游,请你就此现象写一篇短文发表自己的观点。内容要点如下:1)列举不文明行为;(至少两种)
    2)指出不文明行为的影响;
    3)就如何阻止不文明行为提出建议。(至少两条)
    注意:1)词数100左右;.
    2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
    3)首句己给出,不计入总词数。
        As a tour guide, I find it so embarrassing to see some tourists behave badly while traveling.