1. 阅读理解 Social media is one of the fastest growing industries in today's world. A study conducted by the US Pew Research Center showed that 92 percent of teenagers go online daily. The wide spread of social media has changed nearly all parts of teenagers' lives. Changing relationships High school student Elly Cooper from Illinois said social media often reduces face- to-face communication. “It makes in-person relationships harder because of people's attention given to their phones instead of their boyfriends or girlfriends,” Cooper said. Yet, some people believe social media has made it easier to start relationships with anyone from anywhere. Beth Kaplan from Illinois met her long-distance friend through social media. He currently lives in Scotland, but they're still able to frequently communicate with each other. “I can feel close to someone that I'm talking to via FaceTime,” Kaplan said. Wanting to be “liked” The rise of social media has changed the way teenagers see themselves. The 19- year-old Essena O'Neill announced on the social networking service Instagram that she was quitting social media because it made her unable to stop thinking about appearing perfect online. Negative comments also can do great damage to a teenager's self-esteem. Teenagers who get negative comments can't help but feel hurt. Opening new doors However, Armin Korsos, a student from Illinois, takes advantage of the comments he receives over social media to improve his videos on the social networking site YouTube. “Social media can help people show themselves and their talents to the world in a way that has never been possible before,” Korsos said.
(1)、Who met the long-distance friend through social media?
2. 阅读理解 My grandfather died more than twenty-five years ago. I was fifteen then. He was kind, strong, fair, and very funny. When I was a young musician, he was my biggest fan. I played my violin for him when he visited, and he loved everything, but each time he had one request. “Could you play Amazing Grace%” he asked, full of hope and with a twinkle in his eye, because he knew my answer was always, “I don't know that one!” We went through this routine at every major holiday, and I always figured I'd have time to learn it for him later. About the time I entered high school and started guitar, Grandpa got cancer. The last time I saw him alive was Thanksgiving weekend in 1985. My mom warned us that Grandpa didn't look the same anymore and that we should prepare ourselves. For a moment I didn't recognize him. He looked so small among all the white sheets. We had all gathered in Ohio for the holiday, and I'm sure we all knew we were there to say good-bye. I can see now that Grandpa held on long enough to see us each one more time. I remember how we ate in the dining room and laughed and talked while Grandpa rested in his hospital bed. I wonder if it was sad for him to be alone with our voices and laughter. Knowing Grandpa, he was probably content. The next morning, I found my moment alone with him. I pulled out my guitar, tuned to his appreciative gaze, and finally played for him Amazing Grace. I had worked on it for weeks, knowing it never mattered whether I actually played it well and choosing not to believe as I played that it was my last concert for my biggest fan. The cancer had stolen his smile, but I saw joy in his eyes. He held my hand afterward, and I knew I had done something important. I argued with people all through college about my music major. I was told by strangers that music wouldn't make me any money and it wasn't useful like being a doctor. But I know first-hand that with music I was able to give my grandpa something at a point when no one else could.
(1)、At first the author didn't play Amazing Grace for Grandpa because.
A、she hadn't learned it yetB、she found it difficult to playC、she disliked playing itD、her grandfather was just joking
(2)、From the last sentence in Paragraph 2 we can infer that Grandpa .
A、treasured love from familyB、was used to living aloneC、was too weak to feel anythingD、was optimistic about his health
(3)、When the author finally played Amazing Grace for Grandpa, she .
A、made him smile joyfullyB、knew she must play it wellC、brought him love and comfortD、believed she could play it many times for him
(4)、Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A、The author was 15 when she wrote the article.B、The author has a great affection for her grandfather.C、The author prefers to be a doctor rather than a musician.D、The author is confident that music will make her much money.
3. 阅读理解 There is no doubt e-commerce is growing, and it will continue to grow. However, physical stores would not die as a result of the rise of e-commerce, at least not in the near future. The idea that e-commerce is taking over physical stores has already misguided many people. Physical stores are far from vanishing (消逝), and there are some solid reasons for it. The projections for online spending is optimistic with 150 billion expected to be spent in the coming three years, yet we are also expecting 300 billion in spending at physical stores in the same duration. Do you still think that physical-store shopping is too small to sustain (支撑) the e-commerce blow? Even though consumers are staying away from physical stores that follow older concepts, yet we are seeing the rise of fresh concept stores all around the US. We are seeing innovative and attractive success stories of physical stores, ranging from clothes stores to restaurants to health spas. It would be easy to assume that this trend will continue. Indeed, many shopping malls are dying, yet there are still some shopping centers that are performing well. You can see this for yourself by visiting shopping malls near you. What I want to emphasize here is that not all shopping centers are made equal, just like not all e-commerce retailers (零售商) are made equal. Both shopping malls and e-commerce sites can lose business if they fail to maintain productivity through improvements and innovations. When you visit shopping centers that are serious about their business, you would see their shops and parking lots packed. On the other hand, even e-tailers like Amazon have experimented with pop-up shopping concepts. It is important to bear in mind that consumers prefer face-to-face interactions instead of online interactions during shopping, meaning that physical stores are going to stay there. Still, e-commerce retailers are seeing all of their excitement disappear as they settle the sales tax problem associated with e-tailing. As of now, five states of America have already imposed sales tax on purchases through e-commerce sites, and e-tailers in those states have already witnessed 6 to 12 percent decrease in sales. This reinforces the fact that physical stores are here to stay, and if you are still undervaluing their growth, you are omitting (省略) a huge chunk of the retail representation.
(1)、The underlined word “projections” in Paragraph 2 probably means “”.
A、E-tailers are more creative businesses.B、Fresh concepts help build good business.C、Fewer consumers will visit physical stores.D、Physical stores can't stand the blow of e-commerce.
(3)、Which of the following shows the development of the passage?CP:Central Point P:Point Sp:Sub-point（次要点） C：Conelusion
(4)、What is the best title for this passage?
A、Will Physical Stores Replace E-commerce in the Near Future?B、I s Offline Spending Greater than Online Spending?C、Online Stores V. S. Physical Stores—What's the Difference?D、Does E-commerce Success Mean Physical Stores Will Disappear?
4. 阅读理解 Self-driving vehicles will rely on cameras, sensors and artificial intelligence (AI) to recognize and respond to road and traffic conditions, but sensing is the most effective for objects and movement in the neighborhood of the vehicle. Not everything important in a car's environment will be caught by the vehicle's camera. Another vehicle approaching at high speed on a collision (碰撞) track might not be visible until it's too late. This is why vehicle-to-vehicle communication is undergoing rapid development. Our research shows that cars will need to be able to chat and cooperate on the road, although the technical challenges are considerable. Applications for vehicle- to-vehicle communication range from vehicles driving together in a row, to safety messages about nearby emergency vehicles. Vehicles could alert each other to avoid collisions or share notices about passers-by and bicycles. From as far as several hundred meters away, vehicles could exchange messages with one another or receive information from roadside units (RSUs) about nearby incidents or dangerous road conditions through 4G network. A high level of AI seems required for such vehicles, not only to self-drive from A to B, but also to react intelligently to messages received. Vehicles will need to plan, reason, strategize and adapt in the light of information received in real time and to carry out cooperative behaviors. For example, a group of autonomous vehicles might avoid a route together because of potential risks, or a vehicle could decide to drop someone off earlier due to messages received, a foreseen crowding ahead. Further applications of vehicle- to-vehicle communication are still being researched, including how to perform cooperative behavior.
(1)、What is the first paragraph mainly about?
A、The reasons for the accidents by self-driving vehicles.B、The research about applications of self-driving vehicles.C、The importance of artificial intelligence of self-driving vehicles.D、The reasons for developing communication between self-driving vehicles.
(2)、What does the underlined word “alert” mean in Paragraph 2%
(3)、What can we learn about roadside units (RSUs)?
A、They classify the vehicles on the road.B、They can improve bad road conditions.C、They take over the passing vehicles.D、They serve as efficient information stations.
(4)、What is the best title for the text?
A、When do vehicles communicate?B、The reasons why a high level of AI is importantC、Vehicle-to-vehicle communication is comingD、What do applications for vehicle-to-vehicle communication need?
5. 任务型阅读 You often find somebody who works around you complaining all the time, don't you? . About 70% of Americans say being around nonstop complainers sometimes has a bad influence on them. Luckily, here are 4 tips to help form positive patterns. Self-awareness When a negative thought pops into your mind, immediately correct it. Instead of telling yourself “That's a nice shirt, but I can't afford it,” change the message to “That will look great with my black pants when I can afford it.”. Of course, everyone complains sometimes. But the less frequently you complain, the better you will feel. Distance yourself . Excuse yourself and go somewhere quiet, somewhere outdoors in the fresh air. Think of something pleasant before returning. You have to take this seriously because negative people can and will pull you into the quicksand (难以摆脱的困境). Don't try to change complainers If you find yourself trapped in a group of complainers in a meeting or at a social event, simply choose silence. Let their words bounce off you while you think of something else. Attempting to stop the complaining can make you a target.. If someone says, “I hate Mondays; weekends are too short,” try to think, “I'm glad I rested over the weekend, so I'm ready to make some improvement on that big project.”
When someone is shouting at you angrily, throw the responsibility back at them by asking, “So what do you intend to do about it?” In most cases, complainers don't really want a solution. They just want to speak them out. If you make them aware that they themselves have to find the solutions, they will leave you alone and find someone else to complain to. If so, you will be happy. A. Find solutions B. Change the responsibility C. You have got a lot of company D. By doing this, it will lead to positive behavior E. But you can redirect the discussion in your own mind F. Whenever possible, escape from negative conversations G. You will never know what they are going to talk about
6. 完形填空 A lovely little girl was holding two apples with both hands. Her mum came in and 1 asked her little daughter with a smile, “My sweetie, could you give your mum one of your two apples?” The girl looked 2 at her mum for some seconds, then she suddenly took a quick 3 on one apple, and then quickly on the other. The mum felt the smile on her face 4. She tried hard not to show her 5. Then the little girl handed one of her 6 apples to her mum, and said, “Mummy, here you are. This is the 7 one.” No matter who you are, how experienced you are, and how knowledgeable you think you are, always 8 judgment. Give others the privilege to 9 themselves. What you see may not be the 10. Never conclude for others, which is why we should never only 11 the surface and judge others without understanding them 12. Those who like to pay the bill, do so not because they are loaded, but because they value 13 above money. Those who 14 first after a fight, do so not because they are wrong but because they value the people around them. Those who often text you, do so not because they have 15 better to do but because you are in their heart. One day, all of us will get 16 from each other；we will miss our conversations of everything & nothing； we will miss the 17 that we had. Days will pass by, months, years,18 this contact becomes rare — One day our children will see our 19 and ask “Who are these people?”And we will smile with invisible tears because a heart is touched with a strong word and you will say, “20 WAS THEM THAT I HAD THE BEST DAYS OF MY LIFE WITH.”
7. 阅读下面短文，在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 The colors red, white and blue, along the stars and stripes on the American flag, all represent different things. Red represents (strong) and bravery, white means virtue, and blue stands for hard work and (just). There are fifty stars on the flag, one for each state, (represent) the union of fifty states one country in a federal system. The thirteen stripes are (remind) people of the thirteen colonies that (join) together to fight for independence from Britain. Each year on 4 July, the USA celebrates Independence Day, the Stars and Stripes be seen all over the country, (light) by fireworks in the night sky.
8. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1）每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2）只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。 It is well known that one of the aims of UNESCO is to protect and preserve culture and natural heritage. Our heritage is the precious gift from the past, and it is also what we live with today. I believed some of you may have visited Mount Tai and Mount Huang, or have been to Jiuzhaigou. Many people just find unbelievable that so beautiful places exist in this world. These heritage site impress visitors with their amazed beauty, and they are a great source of inspiration. There are altogether more than over 900 World Heritage sites. People have come to understanding the truth that they do not belong to any single person, and to all mankind.
9. 请结合材料，按要求用英文写作。假如你是李华，随着共享单车逐渐进人海外市场，你的英国笔友Tom对此非常感兴趣。请你写封邮件向他介绍共享单车。邮件的内容包括以下几点： 1）共享单车的使用方法(扫二维码，解锁骑车）； 2）共享单车的便利之处； 3）询问他共享单车在英国的情况。 注意：1）词数100左右； 2）可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 参考词汇：共享单车shared bikes；二维码the QR code Dear Tom, I am more than delighted to know you show great interest in shared bikes Sincerely, Li Hua