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  • 1. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

    The Museum of Science and Industry

        The Manchester Museum of Science and Industry will give us a more wonderful interpretation of the museum. The 2.8 hectare museum was rebuilt on the site of a huge Victorian warehouse and the world's oldest passenger train station. The number and type of collections are ranked first, and in the power exhibition hall, steam engines used during the Industrial Revolution can still be seen. The display of the railway here is rich and vivid in content. Understanding the history of the Industrial Revolution, the Manchester Museum of Science and Industry is a good choice.

        Power is the central theme of the museum, whether it is a bicycle or a steam engine, not to mention an old car. The history of mankind, as this museum shows, has been constantly running. All human inventions can't be separated from this idea. Life is also about exercise. All the exhibits in the museum are alive. The workers oil and wipe every day. Finally, steam is imported into the machinery to make them run as usual as they did a hundred years ago. Time is also reversed.

        In the power exhibition hall, the steam engine that had been used during the Industrial Revolution was still roaring, and the influence was not reduced. If you want to understand the Industrial Revolution and the role of Manchester in it, you must come and visit it, and you will find answers from the many wonderful exhibitions here.

        The Manchester Museum of Science and Industry completely reproduced the British Industrial Revolution, and ensured that the machines of its scientific and technological inventions operated daily, so that visitors and school children could experience the Industrial Revolution. Therefore, the museum has become an outstanding model for preserving industrial heritage.

        Manchester was known as Cotton Capital, Northern Capital, Second City, and Warehouse City for the Industrial Revolution. The Manchester Museum of Science and Industry is located in the center of Manchester City. It records the cradle (摇篮) of the Industrial Revolution with historical details. Manchester City's history, textiles, energy, communications, aviation, transportation and other industries have risen and fallen with the development of science and technology.

        More information: visit //www.msichicago.org/

        Address: 150 Deansgate Manchester M3 3EH

        Main traffic: Bus 255 to Manchester City Centre

        Open daily: from 10:00 to 17:00

        Tour tickets: free

    1. (1)Which of the following is true according to the passage?
      A . The museum reflects the world industrial situation. B . The old steam engines are no longer working. C . The theme of the museum is related to power. D . The railway display in the museum is rich but not vivid.
    2. (2)Why does the museum claim that all the exhibits there are alive?
      A . Because the workers make them look real. B . Because people can see the old steam engines. C . Because the museum has preserved a lot of things. D . Because all are running as they were a hundred years ago.
    3. (3)If you go to visit the museum, you will surely __________.
      A . see the world's oldest passenger train station in Manchester B . learn more about the British Industrial Revolution C . buy a lot of machines created in the Industrial Revolution D . enjoy the exhibition with many school children
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  • 1. 根据短文理解,选择正确答案。

        With all of the wonderful things life brings us, it also brings us stress. It is for this reason that I am an active supporter of mental health days.

        Although it's never good to ignore(忽视) responsibilities, sometimes it is good to unplug(拔除) from the world for a day. We eat healthy and stay active to keep us from getting sick, but sometimes we forget to care for our minds. Our minds and bodies are connected, and when only one is being cared for, the other may be suffering. It is important to try to combine self care with our lives and spend time on activities we enjoy. This helps relieve stress on a daily day.

        So, what do you do on a mental health day? The answer is anything you want. Growing up, my brother and I were allowed a few mental health days a year. We would stay home from school and relax. For him, it was playing games on the computer, while my days were spent reading or watching TV. My mental health days now include picking things up around my apartment, cooking a tasty meal, and then reading for a few hours. I completely shut myself off from work or school. To me, this is relaxing. Organize the clutter(凌乱的东西) that piles up during the week, cook the meals I don't have time to cook, and read the books that I've bought but don't have time to read.

        A mental health day is great, but only if it's supplemented(增补) with self care through the week. From my experience, if self care is not regularly provided in your week, taking a mental health day is just going to stress you out even more. But when it's needed, try hard to recognize that and take care of yourself. It will help keep you happy and healthy. A mental health day is not a day to avoid life, it is a day to recoup(恢复).

    1. (1)What can we infer from Paragraph 2 ?

      A . People tend to ignore their mental health. B . People should care for each other. C . One should have a strong sense of responsibility. D . Mental health is less important than physical health.
    2. (2)According to the author, on a mental health day people should _______.

      A . stay at home alone. B . enjoy outdoor activities C . do something meaningful. D . do whatever they want.
    3. (3)What did the author's brother do on mental health days as a kid?

      A . He cooked for his family. B . He played computer games. C . He watched TV programs D . He read the books he bought.
    4. (4)According to the last paragraph, to keep mentally healthy, _______.

      A . one needs help and care from other. B . leading a regular life is unnecessary. C . mental health days are not enough. D . one should try to be physically friendly.
  • 2. 阅读理解

        The mobile phone has become a problem for high schools. Some high-school students in Australia are not allowed to carry mobile phones during school hours.

        The mobile phone used among children has become a problem for the school years. Several children have got mobile phones as Christmas presents, and more students want them. Marry Brown, a headmaster, said that the mobile phone was a distraction to students during school hours and it also gave teachers so much trouble in their classrooms. Teachers also say that sometimes students might use phone messages to cheat during exams.

        She said some schools had tried to ban mobile phones.  Some parents felt unhappy because they couldn't get in touch with their children.

        Many teachers said students should not have mobile phones at school, if there was a good reason, they could leave their phones at school office. They also said phones were easily lost and were a distraction for studies.

        Many people say that they understand why parents would want their children to have phones, but they think schools should let students know when they can use their mobile phones.

    1. (1)Some high schools in Australia have stopped students from carrying mobile phones _________

      A . because they are students B . when they are at school C . when they are free D . because they are children
    2. (2)What does the underlined word " distraction " mean in Chinese in this passage?

      A . 分散注意力的事 B . 吸引人的事 C . 让人高兴的事 D . 让人沮丧的事
    3. (3)The headmaster, Marry Brown said that the mobile phone was ____to students at school.

      A . a useful tool B . a bad thing C . a good thing D . of some help
    4. (4)Some parents felt unhappy, because they couldn't__________ during school hours.

      A . use their mobile phones B . leave their mobile phones in the school office C . get in touch with their children D . help the teachers with their work
    5. (5)The passage tells us that________

      A . parents should teach their children how to use mobile phones during school hours B . it is important to ban students from using mobile phones at school C . some parents felt unhappy because they couldn't use their phones at home D . students shouldn't have mobile phones at school except for some special reasons                     
  • 3. 根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。

        What will people die of 100 years from now? If you think that is a simple question,you have not been paying attention to the revolution that is taking place in bio-­technology(生物技术). With the help of new medicine,the human body will last a very long time. Death will come mainly from accidents,murder and war. Today's leading killers,such as heart disease,cancer,and aging itself,will become distant memories.

        In discussion of technological changes,the Internet gets most of the attention these days. But the change in medicine can be the real technological event of our times. How long can humans live? Human brains were known to decide the final death. Cells(细胞) are the basic units of all living things,and until recently,scientists were sure that the life of cells could not go much beyond 120 years because the basic materials of cells,such as those of brain cells,would not last forever. But the upper limits will be broken by new medicine. Sometime between 2050 and 2100,medicine will have advanced to the point at which every 10 years or so,people will be able to take medicine to repair their organs(器官). The medicine,made up of the basic building materials of life,will build new brain cells,heart cells,and so on-in much the same way our bodies make new skin cells to take the place of old ones.

        It is exciting to imagine that the advance in technology may be changing the most basic condition of human existence,but many technical problems still must be cleared up on the way to this wonderful future.

    1. (1)According to the passage,human death is now mainly caused by ________.
      A . diseases and aging B . accidents and war C . accidents and aging D . heart disease and war
    2. (2)In the author's opinion,today's most important advance in technology lies in(在于) ________.
      A . the Internet B . medicine C . brain cells D . human organs
    3. (3)Humans may live longer in the future because ________.
      A . heart disease will be far away from us B . human brains can decide the final death C . the basic materials of cells will last forever D . human organs can be repaired by new medicine
    4. (4)How long can humans live in the future according to the passage?
      A . Over 100 years. B . More than 120 years. C . About 150 years. D . The passage doesn't tell us.
  • 4. 阅读理解

        When I was younger, I was ridiculously shy to the point where I could not even make eye contact with people I didn't know. If someone greeted me in the hallway, I would lower my head and hurried past. I had always been somewhat anti-social, but, in sixth to eighth grade. I hit rock bottom. After transferring to a new school, halfway through my sixth grade year, I found myself in a room of people I had never met before, with no one to lean on.

        Funnily enough, this would not have been such a big deal if I had connected with their values and interests. However, everyone in my school was much wealthier than me, and focused on partying and fashion which were contrary to my academic interests. Although I had a few acquaintances(熟人), no one seemed to understand me beyond the superficial(表面的)level, unable to share my sometimes dark humor and interest in science fiction.

        Halfway through ninth grade, I was once again thrown into a school of strangers. Making Friends was incredibly difficult, and I sat alone at lunch for the rest of the year. In tenth grade, however, I enrolled in my school's theatre program, where I met some of my closest friends. The theatre forced me to overcome my shyness and taught me to speak up for myself. Furthermore, pretending to be someone else gave me a sense of previously unknown confidence

        Although I have a lot going for me right now, I will never forget the struggles I had to overcome when I was younger. This is why, whenever I see someone struggling or standing by themselves, I always invite them to sit with my friends and me. I may not be able to give hem my full attention all of the time, but the, main point is to let them know someone recognizes their existence and is willing to connect with them.

    1. (1)Which of the following is true about the author according to the first two paragraphs?
      A . Others couldn't understand him B . He argued with others often. C . He envied the rich very much. D . He had many interesting hobbies.
    2. (2)When did the author begin to feel self-confident?
      A . In Grade Seven B . In Grade Eight C . In Grade Ninth D . In Grade Ten
    3. (3)How does the author help those struggling or standing by themselves?
      A . By inviting his friends to accompany them B . By asking them to sit with his friends and him C . By persuading them to overcome their problems D . By giving them his full attention all of the time
    4. (4)What odes the author intend to tell us?
      A . How to get on well with others B . How to make friends with others C . How to get rid of shyness gradually D . How to grow up in a healthy way
  • 5. 阅读理解

        The European Union(EU) is an organization of European countries. The countries are independent and are governed in different ways. In the United Kingdom, for example, the head of state is a king or queen. In France, on the other hand, the head of state is a president. But each of them sends representatives to European Parliament, which has some control over what happens in each of the member countries.

        The idea of the EU began in the 1950s. The first members were France, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Italy. Little by little, the number increased during second half of the twentieth century. By the year 2000, there were 15 member countries. The new countries were Austria, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

        In 2004, the EU increased to 25 members. The Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia, plus the Mediterranean islands of Cyprus and Malta all became members. The expanded EU has a population of more than half a billion people, twice as big as the population of the US.

    1. (1)Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the text?
      A . The UK was not included in the first members. B . The thought of the EU first came into being in the 1950s. C . The member countries of the EU are independent. D . Ireland became a member country of the EU later than Poland.
    2. (2)How many countries joined the EU after the year 2000?
      A . 9 B . 10 C . 15 D . 25
    3. (3)How are the UK and France governed?
      A . In both countries, the head of state is a king or queen. B . In both countries, the head of state is a president. C . In the United Kingdom, the head of state is a president while in France, a king or queen. D . In the United Kingdom, the head of state is a king or queen while in France, a president.
    4. (4)which country had the idea of the EU first?
      A . The UK. B . France. C . Germany. D . The passage doesn't mention.
  • 6. 阅读理解

        Have you ever lost your car on a parking lot? It happens. You park and go shopping. When you get back, you have no idea where your car is. It can be discouraging.

        You don't need to install (安装) an expensive GPS system to keep track of your car. That's too expensive. You would need to pay a monthly subscription fee just to use it. But is there a way to track your vehicle without spending a fortune? Yes, now there is! A California-based start-up company was able to make this a reality. They created a tiny device (装置)that works with your smartphone, and it could be exactly what you're looking for! It's called TrackR Bravo. It's changing the way we keep track of the important things in our lives.

        Install the free TrackR app on your smartphone, connect the app to your device and you're ready to go! Simply attach TrackR to whatever you want to keep an eye on. The entire process of setting it up only takes 5 minutes or less. You can attach it to your keys, wallet and anything else you don't want to lose. Then use the TrackR app to find where your missing item are in seconds.

        Forget expensive GPS systems or tracking services. Nobody wants to pay expensive monthly subscription fees. We understand how stressful these things can be, and this is the reason why the company created TrackR. This device is your VIP when you need to take care of important things.

        If you forget where you park your car, take out your smartphone and open the TrackR app. Tap on the “lost item” sign on the screen and the app will tell you the exact location. This device is by no means expensive. TrackR only costs $29, a small price to pay for peace of mind. The device is small enough that you can attach it to your pets. Put it on their collar, and you will never lose track of them! Attach it to your key or wallet, and never waste a minute rummaging the whole house for it.

        Since you've been informed about this brilliant invention, now attach it to everything that's important to you.

    1. (1)Why does the author mention the lost car in the first Paragraph?
      A . To explain how terrible the situation is. B . To stress the importance of being cautious. C . To lead to the topic concerning finding lost items. D . To provide one common example about theft.
    2. (2)What's the feature of the TrackR app?
      A . The process of setting up the app is complex. B . The cost of setting up the app is rather high. C . The app is available in any electronic equipment. D . The app helps locate the lost items in a short time.
    3. (3)The TrackR was created because       .
      A . life is full of all kinds of pressure B . tracking services cause financial burden C . people want to keep their important items safe D . GPS systems can not provide specific location
    4. (4)Which of the following is closest to the meaning of the underlined word "rummaging" in Paragraph 5?
      A . Searching B . Destroying C . Cleaning D . Moving