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  • 1. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

    Don't Drop the Ball

        Drop prevention risk assessment is really important. Everyone knows objects get dropped on work sites – there's nothing radical about that. In Australia, mining has the third highest fatality rate of any industry (4.4 fatalities per 100,000 workers in 2015), and in less well-documented areas like India the fatality rate is even higher. A lot of these fatalities come from dropped objects. It's worth trying to address this and work out just how big the risk is and where it comes from. At the end of the day, safety should be a priority in any industry and it should come as no surprise that addressing safety issues early can actually save money, long-term, for companies. It doesn't look good for a mining company if people are getting injured and equipment damaged from falling objects.

        The risks from dropped objects come from all sorts of areas; it's not just a matter of dropped tools. We're talking about sites characterized by a lot of activities, where all sorts of things can come loose or fall, whether its light fittings or objects like rocks falling off transporting belts. The risks are largely personal but are also financial: if a piece of equipment gets damaged it will need replacing. That's a pretty strong inspiration for companies to address these risks. In terms of frequency, here in Australia we're looking at around 18% of compensation claims coming from workers being hit by moving objects, but those are just the claims – the frequency is likely higher. Around 28% of deaths and injuries come from such incidents, too. As I said earlier, that's just Australia; some industries don't keep statistics, but I wouldn't be surprised to find other countries report comparable rates. That's a lot of accidents that could be prevented with adequate safety measures.

        It's important to take an active approach. It's a lot easier and cheaper to address these risks during the installation or maintenance phases by adding barriers to the inside of guard railings on walkways and transporting systems and adding nets to fixed devices. There are safety mechanisms available, but it's up to the companies to install them. It is a lot more efficient to add barriers right from the start rather than waiting for an accident and then thinking, "Should we be safer?", when they should have reduced these risks from the start.

    1. (1)Why is drop prevention risk assessment important?
      A . People seldom knows the extent of risk. B . Many bosses consider their reputation. C . Many deaths are caused by falling objects. D . Companies need to save a lot of money.
    2. (2)What sorts of risks from dropped objects are there in the mining industry?
      A . Light devices on the transporting belt. B . Personal injury and equipment damage. C . Safety issues and corporate development. D . Compensation claims and statistics.
    3. (3)Which of the following statistical statements is true?
      A . The frequency is higher though some industries do not have statistics. B . Some 46 percent of deaths and injuries resulted from such incidents. C . Four out of ten people died in incidents like this every year. D . There have been more incidents in Australia than anywhere else.
    4. (4)What is suggested by the author to reduce the risks?
      A . To find a security mechanism. B . To reduce the use of tools. C . To replace the damaged equipment. D . To install some security equipment.
举一反三换一批
  • 1. 阅读理解

        Elephants in Uganda are starting to come close to villages near national parks. The big animals are a real danger to people.

        So, the Uganda Wildlife Authority has been giving people new tools to keep the elephants away: vuvuzelas. They are plastic instruments some fans use at sports events.

        The instruments make a loud sound elephants do not like. The animals leave, and no one is harmed. A spokesperson for the Uganda Wildlife Authority says vuvuzelas work because they do not threaten the elephants. That is important because an elephant that feels threatened is more likely to attack. So far, no one has reported an elephant attacking in answer to a vuvuzela.

        Officials and villagers have tried other ways to stop elephants from coming near farms and houses. They have built beehives – houses for flying insects that sting. They have hung ropes covered in spicy oil. They have dug long, deep holes. And they have used guns, called A-K47s.

        An official from the Uganda Wildlife Authority explains that people shoot the gun in the air to scare the elephant. But over time, the elephants have stopped being afraid of the sound of the gun. They only look at the shooter and wave their ears.

        Another official for the Uganda Wildlife Authority, Gessa Simblicious, says one elephant-prevention solution will not work everywhere in Uganda. And one day, elephants may accept the vuvuzela noise, just as they do the sound of the A-K47.

        But right now, vuvuzelas are an effective, non-violent and fun way to deal with a serious problem.

    1. (1)What's vuvuzelas?
      A . New tools some fans use at sports events. B . New tool to save the elephants. C . Plastic instruments to keep the elephants away. D . Plastic instruments to threaten the elephants.
    2. (2)Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
      A . Vuvuzelas work because they do not threaten the elephants. B . An elephants will attack human being in answer to a vuvuzela, C . Villagers have no way to stop elephants. D . The elephants are always afraid of the sound of the gun.
    3. (3)People shoot the gun in the air in order to ________.
      A . shoot the elephants away B . let the elephants stop being afraid of the sound C . avoid the elephants hurting people D . scare the elephants to leave the village
    4. (4)The author believes that ________.
      A . elephants are not afraid of vuvuzelas B . Vuvuzelas can not stop elephants C . vuvuzelas can solve this serious problem forever D . elephants are used to the sound of vuvuzelas now
  • 2. 阅读理解

    Welcome to Pocono Whitewater

        There's something fun here at Pocono Whitewater for every level of adventurer! We have mild(柔和) to wild white & shy; water rafting (漂流), family trips, and bird & shy; watching boating. Choose one adventure now. It's up to you! We have trips available daily. Give us a call today!

        Dam Release White & shy; water Rafting

        Experience the best whitewater on the Lehigh River! Surrounded by forests and mountains, you will enjoy 12 miles and 5 hours of Class (等级) Ⅲ white & shy; water rafting and outstanding scenery. This is a fun and thrilling(激动人心的) trip that everyone over the age of 12 can make. While paddling (划桨行进) in the swift water, you'll shout and laugh.

        Dam Release White & shy; water Rafting Rates:

        Individual (over the age of 12) : $61.00

        Group ( at least 8 persons) : $31.00

        Rates Include: all necessary rafting equipment, life jackets, free parking, bus service to/from the river and professional river guides.

        Family Style White & shy; water Rafting

        Bring along the whole family this summer and enjoy 8 miles and 5 hours of Class I white ­ water rafting. Mild water of the Lehigh River is simply perfect for beginners, school groups, and kids aged 4 and older. This is just perfect for enjoying the passing scenery, kicking your feet over the edge of the raft, or taking a swim in the river!

        One of the most unique things about this trip is a free riverside barbeque (烧烤)! Our workers will cook and serve you a picnic lunch — hotdogs, potato salad, fruit, etc. The classic family picnic!

        Family Style White & shy; water Rafting Rates:

        Adult: $39.00

        Child (aged 4—14): $33.00

        Group (at least 8 persons): $30.00

        Rates Include: all necessary rafting equipment, life jackets, free parking, bus service to/from the river, and a barbeque lunch, river guides not included.

    1. (1)We can infer that ____.

      A . the higher the class is, the milder the water is B . the lower the class is, the milder the water is C . the higher the class is, the safer the rafting is D . the lower the class is, the faster the rafting is
    2. (2)If 10 college students are to participate in the Dam Release White & shy; water Rafting, how much money will be paid in total?

      A . $610. B . $330. C . $390. D . $310.
    3. (3)Family Style White-water Rafting is unique in that ____.

      A . it allows people to swim in the river B . the river water is very clean C . it provides a barbeque lunch for free D . it offers a free bird­watching activity
  • 3. 阅读理解

        Despite what so many people would love to believe, NASA hasn't discovered any evidence of past or present intelligent life on Mars. So, when the Curiosity rover (好奇号探测器)found something suspicious on the Red Planet's surface, they were not only surprised but also a little bit worried.

        The thin fragment (碎片)was suspicious enough to guarantee its own name, with NASA's Curiosity rover team calling it the “Pettegrove Point Foreign Object Debris,” named for the location where it was discovered. With no idea what it was or where it came from, the rover s handlers began to worry that it might actually be a piece of the rover itself, suggesting some unseen damage or other issue with the robot. Thankfully, those concerns seem to have been unfounded.

        In a new update from NASA the object has now been identified as a natural piece of rock rather than a piece of any man-made craft or vehicle. The team analyzed the bizarre object with a tool called the ChemCam RMI. The instrument uses a laser (激光器)t0 sniff out the makeup of anything it's pointed at, and the results for this particular piece of debris revealed that it's actually just a very thin piece of rock.

        NASA describes the inspection: The planning day began with an interesting result from the previous plan's ChemCam RMI analysis of a target that was referred to as “Pette Point Foreign Object Debris” (PPFOD),and speculated to be a piece of spacecraft debris fact was found to be a very thin flake of rock, so we can all rest easy tonight-Curi0sity n0t begun to shed its skin!

        How this particularly thin sliver of rock got to where it is—and why it seems to be a different colour than the surrounding sand and debris-remains unexplained, but at least the rover falling apart.

    1. (1)What attitude does NASA hold towards the newly found thin fragment?
      A . Positive. B . Surprised. C . Interested. D . Amazed but worried.
    2. (2)What is the “Pettegrove Point Foreign Object Debris” named for?
      A . Its finder. B . Its location. C . Its researcher. D . Its shape.
    3. (3)What does the underlined word “bizarre” mean?
      A . Strange. B . Changeable. C . Normal. D . Common.
    4. (4)In which part of newspaper can you read the text?
      A . Travelling. B . Sports. C . Science. D . Music.
  • 4. 阅读理解

        Organic(有机的)farming is a type of agriculture that benefits from the recycling and use of natural products. Use of dried plants not only saves money,but also ensures the growth of crops. The technique is characterized by the use of green manure(肥料), biological pest control methods and special farming techniques to keep soil productive. Limiting the use of man-made chemicals or completely doing away with them reduces the risk of diseases. Today,organic farming is a major and preferred industry around the world. Organically grown food products have a huge market,with farmlands covering about 10% of the total world-farmland cover. The hard work of Sir Albert Howard, the Father of Organic Farming, has paid off.

        Advantages of Organic Farming:

        ⑴The economics of organic farming are characterized by increasing profits through reduced water use and reduced soil erosion(侵蚀).

        ⑵Organic farming produces the same crops as those produced through traditional farming methods,but uses half the energy,and holds 40% more top soil

        ⑶Farming the organic way enables farmers to get rid of weeds without the use of any chemicals.

        ⑷The use of green pesticides(杀虫剂) is environmentally friendly and does no harm to human's health.

        Disadvantages of Organic Farming:

        ⑴Organic methods of farming produce less,compared to traditional farming techniques.

        ⑵Organic agriculture does little to fight global climate change. Though organic farming practices are recognized as giving out less CO2 , but not to a significant degree.

        However,though there are some disadvantages of organic farming,farms where organic methods for cropping have been used have more advantages than traditional farms. Organic agriculture is surely better in the long term.

    1. (1)The underlined sentence in Paragraph 1 shows that Sir Albert Howard ____.
      A . worked hard for nothing B . succeeded in organic farming C . spent all his time on organic farming D . didn't expect organic farming to be successful
    2. (2)According to the passage,compared to traditional farming organic farming ____.

      a. is more environmentally friendly

      b. produces a lot more food

      c. uses less energy

      d. results in more weeds in the farmland

      e. is better for human's health

      A . abc B . acd C . ace D . bce
    3. (3)The author's attitude towards organic farming is ____.
      A . anxious B . hopeless C . unclear D . optimistic
    4. (4)The writer wrote this passage to tell us ____.
      A . the development of agriculture B . what kind of food is being grown at present C . why organic farming is so popular around the world D . what organic farming is and its advantages and disadvantages
  • 5. 阅读理解

        About six years ago I was going through a tough time, trying to work two jobs to afford my rent. On a cold Sunday morning, I went to GameStop-a video game retailer(零售商), to cancel the game I'd booked. A woman in a car parked outside called me when I exited the store. Though it was in broad daylight, I was shy about it and kept some distance when I walked over. She said she couldn't walk and requested me to purchase a Kinect, a popular game, for her as her son's Christmas gift. Because of her leg disease it was painful for her to move around. She called ahead but the employee(雇员)wasn't willing to help. She gave me about $ 100 in cash and her credit card.

        I walked back in and bought the Kinect. Then it occurred to me that this woman, a complete stranger, trusted me. What was it that stopped me from lying about the payment method and just pocket her cash? She couldn't know I wasn't a cheat; and how could she possibly believe in someone so much?

        I handed her the cash back, explaining I had to pay with her card-it was above $ 100 at the time, and handed over the game and her credit card. "This is what my son's been longing for. Thank you! By the way, just from glancing at you, I know you are the one who will be a friend to someone in need. You have a face of an angel!" she said. She gave me $ 10 and refused to take it back. Then she drove away.

        She had no idea how much of a difference even $ 10 made. I was able to buy a few cheap groceries for the week and it really made a hard time in my life a little better. She may think I helped her; however, I truly feel like the one who was being gifted something amazing.

    1. (1)What can we infer from Paragraph 1?
      A . The author canceled the video game for saving money. B . The author worked so hard that there was no time for games. C . The author was unwilling to help and kept a distance from the woman. D . The woman requested the author to purchase a Kinect for her son's birthday.
    2. (2)What can we know about the woman?
      A . She gave the author $ 10 for the video game. B . She chose the author because he was handsome. C . She might not know exactly how much the video game would cost. D . She didn't buy the video game by herself because of her laziness.
    3. (3)Which of the following words can best describe the author?
      A . Kind and honest. B . Brave and curious. C . Humorous and wise. D . Determined and energetic.
    4. (4)What can be the best title for the text?
      A . Kinect, a popular game. B . Help others, help yourself. C . A stranger who had faith in me. D . An experience that changed my life.
  • 6. 阅读理解

        It was dark. As John was walking on his way home, he suddenly found an ugly old man staring at him.

        The old man said, "Son, why don't you get a book? It will keep you company."

        John noticed all the books the old man had were related to the super nature (超自然界). Trying to act bravely, he found one and the old man said, "That's an interesting book. It's $25."

        The old man kept staring at John, which almost frightened him. He quickly searched his pockets and found $25.

        John quickly paid for it. Then the old man called out, "Whatever happens, don't turn to the last page. Do remember, or you will regret it!"

        Reaching home, John heard his parents talking about a strange old book seller that appeared only at night during a full moon and then disappeared. Nervously, he ran straight to his room.

        At midnight, as he was sound asleep in bed, a blast (股) of cold wind blew in through the window and woke him up. He looked at his table and saw the book. For a while, he was frozen in fear, but he was so curious. Slowly he got out of bed and carefully picked up the book.

    As he took a look at the last page, he cried out and fainted (晕倒).

        This is what he read on the last page!

        Retail (零售) Price: $10.99

    1. (1)How did John feel when he saw the old man?
      A . Frightened. B . Regretful. C . Delighted. D . Comfortable.
    2. (2)Why did John buy the book?
      A . He was interested in the super nature. B . He wanted to have a company. C . He wanted to help the old man. D . He tried to act to be brave.
    3. (3)When did John turn to the last page of the book?
      A . Immediately after he bought it. B . When he was talking with his parents. C . When he read to the last page of the book. D . After he was woken up at midnight.