湖南省长郡中学2018-2019学年高一下学期英语期末考试试...

修改时间:2019-09-10 浏览次数:34 类型:期末考试 试卷属性

副标题:

*注意事项:

    一、阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
    • 1. 阅读理解

      Monster Zoo

          Monster Zoo is one of the largest zoos in the world, covering more than 15 km squares. It is home to more than 50 species of rare and native animals. The zoo is located 70 km from the city New South Australia.

          Monster zoo was founded in 1983 as a breeding area (繁殖区). Officially open to the public in October 1993, Monster Zoo is now home to more than 500 animals.

          Opening Hours

          Monster zoo is open daily from 9: 30 am to 5: 00 pm with last entry at 3: 00 pm. The zoo is open every day of the year, including Christmas Day and all public holidays. The exception to this is if the forecast temperature for Monster Zoo is 40 degrees or above, it will be closed.

          To get the most out of your visit we recommend setting aside a minimum of four to five hours to fully enjoy the Monster zoo.

          Tickets

          Child (4­14 years old) : AU $ 28. 50

          Adult (15 years old and over) : AU $ 51. 75

          Family / Mini Group: AU $ 132. 75

          Meet the Keeper

          Monster zoo offers various daily zoo keeper talks and animal feeds that give guests the chance to interact (互动) with our friendly workers and learn about the zoo's unique residents.

          Looking for a more unique animal experience? Consider booking a Behind the Scenes Animal Experience to come face to face with some of our special animal residents.

          Café

          Ketabi Café is open from 9: 30 am to 5: 00 pm daily and offers a variety of tasty treats, small snacks and hot meals.

          Picnics

          For those who prefer to bring their own meals, special picnic areas are available close to the Visitor Center. Please note that due to fire risk, the zoo does not allow for the use of BBQs.

      1. (1)What can we learn about the zoo from the text?
        A . It is the largest zoo in the world. B . It is open daily all year except Christmas Day. C . It is open to the public ten years after it was founded. D . It is home to more than 500 species of animals.
      2. (2)If three young men aged 12, 14 and 19 visit the zoo, how much will they pay?
        A . AU $ 155.25. B . AU $ 108.75. C . AU $ 85.25. D . AU $ 132.75.
      3. (3)Where does this text most probably come from?
        A . A health newspaper. B . An animal book. C . A travel website. D . A fashion magazine.
    • 2. 阅读理解

          HANGZHOU — Chinese internet giant Alibaba on Tuesday opened a hotel loaded with artificial intelligence (AI) and robots, automating a series of procedures like check­ in, lights control and room service.

          FlyZoo Hotel, opened in Hangzhou, capital of East China's Zhejiang province, where Alibaba is headquartered, is known as the company's "first future hotel". Customers can check into the hotel by simply scanning their faces. The facial recognition system installed in the hotel also enables customers to use their faces as key cards to open doors and access another hotel service. Users can also control the lights, televisions and curtains in the room via Alibaba's voice­activated digital assistant, while robots are deployed to serve dishes, cocktails and coffee. Hotel bookings and check­out can also be done with a few clicks on mobile through an app. "The AI­based solution can help customers save time and relieve hotel employees from repetitive work," said Wang Qun, CEO of FlyZoo Hotel. The hotel is the latest example of Chinese tech companies' attempt into traditional industries such as the hotel industry.

          E­commerce giant JD.com announced in October its strategy to put smart home and electronic devices sold on its platform into hotels, in an effort to improve online sales.

          In July, Baidu teamed up with Intercontinental Hotels Group in Beijing to allow guests to use its voice­ controlled assistant to adjust room temperature and order room service at ease.

          Before that, social media giant Tencent introduced QQfamily, a similar tech solution for hotel operators, in the southern city of Zhuhai last year.

          "We want to install a 'smart brain' for hotels," said Wang. "In the future, we will continue to make hotels smarter and more automated, as well as create more personalized experiences for consumers."

      1. (1)How can customers check into FlyZoo Hotel?
        A . By scanning their faces. B . By clicking their mobile phones. C . By showing hotel staff their ID cards. D . By using voice­activated digital assistant.
      2. (2)Which of the following hasn't been realized?
        A . All hotel service is provided by robots. B . Room service can be controlled by artificial intelligence. C . Room temperature can be adjusted by artificial intelligence. D . Televisions can be turned off by voice­activated digital assistant.
      3. (3)What does the underlined word "install" in Paragraph 6 probably mean?
        A . Operate. B . Protect. C . Hold. D . Build.
      4. (4)What does the passage mainly talk about?
        A . Internet giants advertise artificial intelligence. B . Artificial intelligence is used in hotels. C . Internet giants switch to hotel industry. D . Traditional hotels will disappear soon.
    • 3. 阅读理解

          Age has never been a problem for 16­year­old Thessalonika Arzu­Embry. After all, she's already got her master's degree.

          The North Chicago­area teen started homeschooling at the age of 4. She began having an influence on others soon after. When she was 6 years old, she was an inspirational speaker at an organization called Tabitha House Community Service, a shelter for people who were forced to leave their homes due to the situations such as earthquake, flood and other natural disasters.

          At the age of 11, she graduated from high school and then earned her bachelor's degree in psychology in 2013. She completed those classes online as she was traveling for church events and leadership meetings.

          She doesn't stop there, though. The teen plans to focus on aviation psychology(航空心理学) for her further study, a decision inspired by her father who is a pilot. She grew up around airplanes and took fights all the time. Her goal is to use it to determine whether pilots are dealing with problems that could have deadly results once the plane takes off­a topic that has been in the news lately. For her, it's a mix of two of her interests.

          In her free time, Thessalonika enjoys playing tennis, swimming and being active in her youth group at church. She also has three self­published books, which are on her site. Jump the Education Barrier is written to help students finish college, and in the future aims to help business owners with trends. Her third book The Genius Race, has a wider appeal. It is designed to help people to be geniuses in various areas of life.

      1. (1)Which of the following is TRUE about Thessalonika?
        A . When she was 6 years old, she started homeschooling. B . She gained her master's degree at the age of 11. C . She majored in science and technology. D . In 2013 she got her bachelor's degree through completing courses online.
      2. (2)What is her next plan according to the passage?
        A . Major in aviation psychology. B . Deliver inspiring speeches for church events and leadership meetings. C . Be active in her youth group at church. D . Write another book to help people to be geniuses.
      3. (3)Why does she write the book Jump the Education Barrier?
        A . It aims to help people to be geniuses. B . It is intended to give students a hand to complete college. C . It is designed to arouse people's awareness of psychology. D . The author hope to share her own experience with others.
      4. (4)Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
        A . The Story of Thessalonika B . To be a Genius C . Three Published Books D . Homeschooling
    • 4. 阅读理解

          Crossing your legs is an extremely common habit; most people don't even notice that they're doing it when they sit down. While you may find it comfortable to sit with one knee crossed over the other, it might be causing health problems that you are not aware of.

          A study published in Blood Pressure Monitoring stated that sitting with your legs crossed can increase your blood pressure. The reason for this is that the blood in your legs has to work against gravity to be pumped back to your heart and that crossing one leg over the other increases resistance(阻力), making it even harder for the blood to circulate. This causes your body to increase your blood pressure to push the blood back to the heart. You won't feel any immediate effects, but repeated, drawn­out increases in blood pressure can cause long­term health problems. So, planning to sit for a long period of time? Don't keep your legs crossed.

          Crossing your legs at the knee can also cause pressure on the major nerve in your leg that passes just below your knee and along the outside of your leg, explains Richard Graves, a medical expert. This pressure can cause numbness and temporary paralysis (麻痹) of some of the muscles in your foot and leg, preventing you from being able to raise your ankle—what we know as that "pins and needles" sensation. While the feeling of discomfort may only last a minute or two, repeatedly crossing your legs until they feel numb can cause permanent nerve damage.

          So next time you sit down, try to get yourself in the habit of sitting with both of your feet on the floor. Not only will it help your posture and stability, but it will also save your health in the long run.

      1. (1)What can we learn about crossing one's legs?
        A . It is a very bad social habit. B . It is usually practiced on purpose. C . It can do harm to people's health. D . It can make others feel uncomfortable.
      2. (2)According to the study, sitting with your legs crossed can       .
        A . affect your blood pressure B . resist gravity effectively C . lead to heart attacks easily D . improve the function of legs
      3. (3)In the third paragraph "pins and needles" probably means        .
        A . slight sharp pains B . being a little nervous C . serious muscle injuries D . being highly flexible
      4. (4)What is the main purpose of the text?
        A . To compare common habits. B . To give readers some advice. C . To evaluate effects of an experiment. D . To introduce research methods.
    二、任务型阅读(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
    • 5. 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。

      Why Do We Find It Hard to Say "No"?

          As we all know, saying "no" to others is not easy at all. But sometimes we have to learn to say "no". {#blank#}1{#/blank#} Below are common reasons why people find it hard to say "no":

          ●{#blank#}2{#/blank#} You are a kind soul at heart. You don't want to turn the person away and you want to help when possible, even if it may eat into your time.

          ● Afraid of being rude. I was brought up under the idea that saying "no", especially to people who are older, is rude. This thinking is common in Asian culture, where face saving is important. {#blank#}3{#/blank#}

          ● Wanting to be agreeable. You don't want to alienate (疏远) yourself from the group because you're not in agreement. So you agree to others' requests.

          ● Fear of conflict (冲突) {#blank#}4{#/blank#} This might lead to an ugly confrontation (面对). Even if there isn't, there might be disagreement which might lead to bad effects in the future.

          ●{#blank#}5{#/blank#} Perhaps you are worried saying "no" means closing doors. For example, one of my friends' wives was asked to work in another department in her company. Since she liked her team, she didn't want to go. However, she didn't want to say "no" as she felt it would affect her promotion (晋升) chances in the future.

      A. Wanting to help others.

      B. Fear of losing chances.

      C. Wanting to keep a good relationship.

      D. I slowly realized I needed to learn to say "no".

      E. You are afraid the person might be angry if you refuse him / her.

      F. It means not making others look bad or lose face.

      G. To learn to say "no", we have to first understand what's stopping us from it.

    三、完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
    • 6. 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

          Tears clouded my eyes as I stood in our washing room, holding Brett's jeans and shirt full of burn holes.

          Tired and defeated, I 1 to the floor. The clothes were just one more thing Brett had 2. He often got almost everything in the house out of 3. Many windows in our house needed repair due to his breaking 4 to steal money when he chose to live on the street. Yet none of this could 5 the emotional damage Brett had done to our once quiet home.

          Brett came to live with us when he was 12 years old. During the next few years I had dealt with Brett as 6 as possible, but inside I was shouting, "I don't want him in my house another day, Lord! I just can't 7 him!" Having wiped my tears, I continued 8 him as before.

          When Brett was nearly 18, he landed again in Juvenile Hall (少管所). After that, my husband and I had to send Brett to a boarding school for helping 9 teens.

          At the 10  ceremony, each graduate held a white rose to give to the person who had 11 the most to him or her.

          Brett spoke 12 to his parents and then spoke to me, "You did so much. You were always there. No matter what my mom and dad, I was their 13. But you, although 14 enough by me, always 15 me such love. And I want you to know I love you for it."

          16, I stood as Brett placed the white rose in my hand and hugged me 17.

          At that moment, tears 18 in my eyes again, this time not for disappointment but for 19. Although I had struggled with silent 20 toward my stepson, Brett had seen only my actions. Love is action. We may not always have positive feelings about certain people in our lives, but we can love them.

      (1)
      A . sat B . sank C . bent D . dropped
      (2)
      A . ruined B . lost C . torn D . broken
      (3)
      A . danger B . date C . question D . order
      (4)
      A . off B . in C . up D . away
      (5)
      A . pick out B . relate to C . compare to D . toy with
      (6)
      A . patiently B . willingly C . strictly D . rudely
      (7)
      A . forgive B . educate C . stand D . control
      (8)
      A . parenting B . pardoning C . comforting D . feeding
      (9)
      A . lazy B . troublesome C . disappointing D . careless
      (10)
      A . opening B . official C . victory D . graduation
      (11)
      A . afforded B . meant C . supplied D . owed
      (12)
      A . lovingly B . sadly C . proudly D . nervously
      (13)
      A . friend B . enemy C . kid D . teenager
      (14)
      A . confused B . troubled C . touched D . suffered
      (15)
      A . cost B . lent C . taught D . showed
      (16)
      A . Astonished B . Puzzled C . Encouraged D . Interested
      (17)
      A . surely B . roughly C . tightly D . fiercely
      (18)
      A . fell B . flowed C . moved D . gathered
      (19)
      A . pity B . happiness C . luck D . success
      (20)
      A . love B . anxiety C . anger D . care
    四、根据句意填上适当的单词或用括号内已给单词的适当形式填空。(共10小题;每小题0.5分,满分5分)
    五、短文填空(共10小题;每小题0. 5分,满分5分)
    • 17. 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

          In the age of the smart phone, there seems no reason to ask questions about: the weather forecast, a business's phone number or directions, {#blank#}1{#/blank#} can be easily found on Google, but very often people {#blank#}2{#/blank#}(actual) ask these things by {#blank#}3{#/blank#}(make) a phone call. Your answer may be replied to with a thank­you e­mail. This isn't the first time that great changes {#blank#}4{#/blank#}(take) place in our manners due to technology. In {#blank#}5{#/blank#} late 1870s, when the telephone {#blank#}6{#/blank#}(invent), people didn't know how {#blank#}7{#/blank#}(greet) a caller. Often there is just {#blank#}8{#/blank#}(silent). Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor, suggested that people say "Ahoy", {#blank#}9{#/blank#} finally "Hello" went out. The greeting is now used in everyday face­to­face communications. Try to be respectful no matter who you communicate {#blank#}10{#/blank#}. Just keep it in mind that politeness never goes out of fashion.

    六、填空题(共8小题;每小题1分,满分8分)
    • 18. 阅读下面句子,根据课文内容填空。
      1. (1)You have every right {#blank#}1{#/blank#} by your friend if she told your secret to others and then pretended that she was innocent, but perhaps she didn't do it.
      2. (2){#blank#}1{#/blank#}. The best way to have a friend is to be a friend.
      3. (3)The number of people in the world keeps growing, and we are producing more rubbish and {#blank#}1{#/blank#} more raw materials.
      4. (4){#blank#}1{#/blank#}, metal products and paper products require a lot of energy to produce, so you should find ways to use these again without throwing them away.
      5. (5)..., you will find a sense of satisfaction knowing that you {#blank#}1{#/blank#} solve the problem of climate change.
      6. (6)I want to become an environmental {#blank#}1{#/blank#} after I graduate.
      7. (7)It is {#blank#}1{#/blank#} to our future — and to the future of our nation — for us to learn how to use information technology, so we really need to update the computers and other equipment.
      8. (8)However, the cost of building a VR studio is quite high, and this seems like a real {#blank#}1{#/blank#}.
    七、短文改错(共10小题;每小题0. 5分,满分5分)
    • 19. 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

      增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。

      删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

      修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

      注意:⒈每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

      ⒉只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

          When my new neighbor moves in, I did not want to meet her as I was shy. But she seemed so nice that I hoped one day I would be able meet her.

          One day, my neighbour invited me to her house. I started to hesitate though I felt kind of happily. Then I reminded myself of that this would be a good chance to meet her. But I went there and had the great time with her. That week, I made a few cakes and gave it to her. She thanked me very sincere. A week later I decided to send her some cookie. This time I didn't run away but stood there smile at her instead.

    八、书面表达(满分15分)
    • 20. 假定你是李华,你所在的中学正面向学生征集意见,询问学生是否赞成开设iPad课堂(iPad classrooms). 请给校长写一封建议信,表达你赞同开设iPad课堂的观点。要点 如下:

      ⒈网上教学资源丰富;

      ⒉提高课堂效率;

      ⒊iPad课堂利于环保;

      ⒋其他理由。

      注意:⒈词数100左右;

      ⒉可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

      ⒊开头、结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

      Dear Headmaster,

         

      Yours sincerely,

      Li Hua

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