上海市普陀区2018届高三下学期英语质量调研试卷(音频暂未更...

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*注意事项:

    一、In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers.
    二、In Section B, you will hear two short passages and one longer conversation.
    • 11. Questions are based on the following recording.
      1. (1)Which of the following is true when you choose a college?
        A . Friends are in the same college. B . The college website is very attractive. C . The food in the college cafeteria tastes good. D . Many factors need to be considered.
      2. (2)Why does the speaker say "College is not a prize."?
        A . No one cares about what happens in the college. B . Finding the right college takes time and thought. C . The information on the website is very useful. D . Making a speech in the college will do you good.
      3. (3)What's the main idea of the passage?
        A . The way students choose a college. B . The way students study in the college. C . The way students talk with professors. D . The way students work in the community.
    • 12. Questions are based on the following recording.
      1. (1)What's the main idea of the passage?
        A . Describing the location of Lancaster University B . Introducing the academic atmosphere of Lancaster University. C . Introducing the scholarship of Lancaster University. D . Giving a general introduction of Lancaster University.
      2. (2)Why does the university have so many scholarships for students?
        A . To help more students get a degree. B . To support students financially. C . To help students overcome difficulties. D . To arouse students' interest in learning.
      3. (3)Which of the following is true according to the passage?
        A . The university enjoys a very good academic reputation. B . The university is actually a national one. C . There are about 1,000 graduate students in the university. D . The university facilities for students are very limited.
    • 13. Questions are based on the following recording.
      1. (1)What can we learn about the man according to the conversation?
        A . He is sending an email. B . He is addicted to information. C . He is learning badminton D . He bought a new cell-phone.
      2. (2)What does the information overload mean?
        A . Too much information to handle. B . More information to make use of. C . Much information to ignore. D . Lots of information to adopt.
      3. (3)What's the best suggestion the woman gives to the man?
        A . Texting on his cell-phone. B . Opening all the tools. C . Developing new hobbies. D . Sending and receiving emails.
      4. (4)Which of the following is true about Apple's foldable phone?
        A . Apple will release its new foldable phone soon. B . Apple has already released its new foldable phone. C . Many people don't want Apple to release its new foldable phone. D . Whether Apple will release its new foldable phone is unclear.
    三、Grammar and vocabulary
    • 14. After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

      Going out to Sun Peaks for Fun

          We went looking for some family ski fun, not too far from greater Vancouver, and we found it and more at Sun Peaks Resort, {#blank#}1{#/blank#} (locate) just 20 minutes outside of Kamloops. Pulling into the village, you feel like you've come along a mountainside wonderland {#blank#}2{#/blank#} two hills. Right away you feel at peace in the mountains.

          Sun Peaks has two mountains for skiing and boarding, with lots of lift and capacity {#blank#}3{#/blank#} (get) you around. Most accommodations throughout the village are ski-in/ski-out, so you can park your car once and walk or ski{#blank#}4{#/blank#} you need to go. Morrisey is on one side, and Todd Mountain on the other, connected by trails and a covered bridge, with skiable ground second in Canada only to Whistler. There is {#blank#}5{#/blank#} for everyone, from snow flying saucer and snowmobile, to mini golf and jungle live CS. During the two days of skiing on the holiday, we never met more than five minutes of lineup, and many times we {#blank#}6{#/blank#} (run) ourselves with fresh powder.

          Tubing is right there at the bottom of the main ski hill, perfect for parents who want to have some drinks at Bottoms Bar & Grill {#blank#}7{#/blank#} the kids keep the fun going into the evening. The village is small and quiet, so the kids {#blank#}8{#/blank#} have a lot of freedom to run around and play.

          Bring your skates! There is an NHL-sized outdoor rink (溜冰场), just a 10 minute walk from the main village. Skate rentals are available, and you can join a game of drop-in hockey, or enjoy a family skate during one of the open ice times {#blank#}9{#/blank#} go well into the evening, under the stars. Check with guest services to see if the rink is open, since it is weather dependent.

          In the summertime at Sun Peaks, the chairlifts switch up to accommodate mountain bikes and hikers. Downhill biking trails create adventure for those {#blank#}10{#/blank#} (look) for excitement, and the golf course at Sun Peaks provides hours of great scenic links.

    • 15. Fill in each blank with a proper word chosen from the box. Each word can be used only once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

      A. determined B. entitled   C. officially D. seeking E. version F. establishment G. rejected H. various I. completely J. priced K. absorbed

          The Historical Change of Reader's Digest

          During World War I, Mr. DeWitt Wallace was wounded in a battle. During his recovery in the hospital, he read a lot of magazines and {#blank#}1{#/blank#} a lot of interesting information. At the same time, he also found that few people had time to read so many magazines that he realized the idea of excerpting (摘录) these articles and publishing them.

          He was {#blank#}2{#/blank#} to publish a pocket magazine they called Reader's Digest with his wife Lila Acheson. They opened an office downstairs in an illegal hotel in Greenwich Village, New York, and spent only $5,000 in capital and began {#blank#}3{#/blank#} subscribers. After a period of hard work, the first volume was {#blank#}4{#/blank#} published on February 5, 1922. Its purpose is to inform the readers in daily life and give the readers entertainment, encouragement and guidance. The first article, {#blank#}5{#/blank#} How to Stay Young Mentally, was one and a half pages long.

          In 1920, he put {#blank#}6{#/blank#} selected articles into Reader's Digest samples and displayed them to major publishers in the United States. He hoped that someone would be willing to publish them, but they were all {#blank#}7{#/blank#}. Mr. Wallace did not give up and decided to publish it himself. He worked at home with his wife, and finally published the first issue of Reader's Digest in February 1922. The first was printed in 5,000 copies, {#blank#}8{#/blank#} at 25 cents, and sent to 1,500 payment subscribers by mail. By 1935, the circulation of Reader's Digest had reached one million copies.

          The Chinese {#blank#}9{#/blank#} of Reader's Digest was first published in March 1965. The first editor-in-chief was Lin Taiyi, the daughter of Mr. Lin Yutang, master of literature. In November 2004, Reader's Digest and Shanghai Press and Publication Bureau announced the {#blank#}10{#/blank#} of a long-term publishing cooperation.

    四、Reading Comprehension
    • 16. For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

      From Selling Books to Selling Life

          Charing Cross Street is the most famous bookstore street in London. From the largest female bookstore in Europe to the first detective novel store in Europe, from independent bookstores to large chain ones, 1, it is a scenic spot worth visiting over and over again. The 84 Charing Cross Street, 2 as the Love Bible, tells the story of the New York woman writer Helene Hanff and the London bookseller Frank Percy Doel. It has been 3 into dozens of languages. Broadcasting, stage plays, and movies continue to interpret this friendship based on books. Charing Cross Street has thus become a 4 landmark in London, attracting many literary enthusiasts and tourists with its unique literary charm.

          However, today's situation is no longer the same. With the closing of a number of chain bookstores, some independent bookstores have begun to think about how to 5the British literary tradition with dignity. Recently, British book agents, writers, bookshop operators and other groups gathered here to explore the 6 model of the future bookstore.

          Judging from the current business model, those who can survive are completing the 7 from selling books to selling life. Perhaps the literary lifestyle of the British, which is deep into the bone, should be considered as the most 8 secrets. As the largest independent bookstore in the United Kingdom, Waterstone is currently undergoing design changes by LDS, a British architectural firm. Architect Alex said they 9 improving customer experience and planned to build multiple space. "We will have some small rooms full of books, like private study rooms, in which one can discuss his works with the author." The focus of the future physical bookstore is on creating an atmosphere. 10, bars and cafes are an essential part of the bookstore. Booksellers and authors generally believe that bookstores must develop in the direction of a cultural 11 so that people come here for a lot of money, attending concerts, watching movies, or participating in discussions.

          Some writers say that physical bookstores can 12 their business beyond selling books and provide cultural services to customers. Other writers believe that bookstores can 13 a membership system. 14 discounts, members are given the opportunity to attend lectures, literary gatherings and meetings with authors, and corresponding membership activities are 15 for children and students, and visiting bookstores has become part of the daily lives of more people as a cultural leisure method.

      (1)
      A . no kidding B . no doubt C . no way D . no problem
      (2)
      A . known B . selected C . learned D . defined
      (3)
      A . presented B . burst C . divided D . translated
      (4)
      A . geographical B . academic C . cultural D . traditional
      (5)
      A . discover B . research C . interpret D . continue
      (6)
      A . survival B . material C . moral D . spiritual
      (7)
      A . resolution B . connection C . transition D . question
      (8)
      A . commercial B . confidential C . academic D . logic
      (9)
      A . focused on B . relied on C . took on D . carried on
      (10)
      A . Meanwhile B . Therefore C . Moreover D . Nevertheless
      (11)
      A . value B . complex C . symbol D . identity
      (12)
      A . expect B . explode C . expand D . explore
      (13)
      A . adjust B . activate C . acquire D . adopt
      (14)
      A . In addition to B . Instead of C . Except for D . Because of
      (15)
      A . stimulated B . conducted C . resolved D . postponed
    • 17. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

      Don't Drop the Ball

          Drop prevention risk assessment is really important. Everyone knows objects get dropped on work sites – there's nothing radical about that. In Australia, mining has the third highest fatality rate of any industry (4.4 fatalities per 100,000 workers in 2015), and in less well-documented areas like India the fatality rate is even higher. A lot of these fatalities come from dropped objects. It's worth trying to address this and work out just how big the risk is and where it comes from. At the end of the day, safety should be a priority in any industry and it should come as no surprise that addressing safety issues early can actually save money, long-term, for companies. It doesn't look good for a mining company if people are getting injured and equipment damaged from falling objects.

          The risks from dropped objects come from all sorts of areas; it's not just a matter of dropped tools. We're talking about sites characterized by a lot of activities, where all sorts of things can come loose or fall, whether its light fittings or objects like rocks falling off transporting belts. The risks are largely personal but are also financial: if a piece of equipment gets damaged it will need replacing. That's a pretty strong inspiration for companies to address these risks. In terms of frequency, here in Australia we're looking at around 18% of compensation claims coming from workers being hit by moving objects, but those are just the claims – the frequency is likely higher. Around 28% of deaths and injuries come from such incidents, too. As I said earlier, that's just Australia; some industries don't keep statistics, but I wouldn't be surprised to find other countries report comparable rates. That's a lot of accidents that could be prevented with adequate safety measures.

          It's important to take an active approach. It's a lot easier and cheaper to address these risks during the installation or maintenance phases by adding barriers to the inside of guard railings on walkways and transporting systems and adding nets to fixed devices. There are safety mechanisms available, but it's up to the companies to install them. It is a lot more efficient to add barriers right from the start rather than waiting for an accident and then thinking, "Should we be safer?", when they should have reduced these risks from the start.

      1. (1)Why is drop prevention risk assessment important?
        A . People seldom knows the extent of risk. B . Many bosses consider their reputation. C . Many deaths are caused by falling objects. D . Companies need to save a lot of money.
      2. (2)What sorts of risks from dropped objects are there in the mining industry?
        A . Light devices on the transporting belt. B . Personal injury and equipment damage. C . Safety issues and corporate development. D . Compensation claims and statistics.
      3. (3)Which of the following statistical statements is true?
        A . The frequency is higher though some industries do not have statistics. B . Some 46 percent of deaths and injuries resulted from such incidents. C . Four out of ten people died in incidents like this every year. D . There have been more incidents in Australia than anywhere else.
      4. (4)What is suggested by the author to reduce the risks?
        A . To find a security mechanism. B . To reduce the use of tools. C . To replace the damaged equipment. D . To install some security equipment.
    • 18. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

      The Museum of Science and Industry

          The Manchester Museum of Science and Industry will give us a more wonderful interpretation of the museum. The 2.8 hectare museum was rebuilt on the site of a huge Victorian warehouse and the world's oldest passenger train station. The number and type of collections are ranked first, and in the power exhibition hall, steam engines used during the Industrial Revolution can still be seen. The display of the railway here is rich and vivid in content. Understanding the history of the Industrial Revolution, the Manchester Museum of Science and Industry is a good choice.

          Power is the central theme of the museum, whether it is a bicycle or a steam engine, not to mention an old car. The history of mankind, as this museum shows, has been constantly running. All human inventions can't be separated from this idea. Life is also about exercise. All the exhibits in the museum are alive. The workers oil and wipe every day. Finally, steam is imported into the machinery to make them run as usual as they did a hundred years ago. Time is also reversed.

          In the power exhibition hall, the steam engine that had been used during the Industrial Revolution was still roaring, and the influence was not reduced. If you want to understand the Industrial Revolution and the role of Manchester in it, you must come and visit it, and you will find answers from the many wonderful exhibitions here.

          The Manchester Museum of Science and Industry completely reproduced the British Industrial Revolution, and ensured that the machines of its scientific and technological inventions operated daily, so that visitors and school children could experience the Industrial Revolution. Therefore, the museum has become an outstanding model for preserving industrial heritage.

          Manchester was known as Cotton Capital, Northern Capital, Second City, and Warehouse City for the Industrial Revolution. The Manchester Museum of Science and Industry is located in the center of Manchester City. It records the cradle (摇篮) of the Industrial Revolution with historical details. Manchester City's history, textiles, energy, communications, aviation, transportation and other industries have risen and fallen with the development of science and technology.

          More information: visit //www.msichicago.org/

          Address: 150 Deansgate Manchester M3 3EH

          Main traffic: Bus 255 to Manchester City Centre

          Open daily: from 10:00 to 17:00

          Tour tickets: free

      1. (1)Which of the following is true according to the passage?
        A . The museum reflects the world industrial situation. B . The old steam engines are no longer working. C . The theme of the museum is related to power. D . The railway display in the museum is rich but not vivid.
      2. (2)Why does the museum claim that all the exhibits there are alive?
        A . Because the workers make them look real. B . Because people can see the old steam engines. C . Because the museum has preserved a lot of things. D . Because all are running as they were a hundred years ago.
      3. (3)If you go to visit the museum, you will surely __________.
        A . see the world's oldest passenger train station in Manchester B . learn more about the British Industrial Revolution C . buy a lot of machines created in the Industrial Revolution D . enjoy the exhibition with many school children
    • 19. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

      The Rapid Rise and Fall of Robot Babysitters

          During the winter of 2017, an 18-year old college student named Canon Reeves spent much of his time trailing a knee-high robot around Fayetteville, Arkansas, as it delivered Amazon packages to students. The robot, created by a start-up called Starship Technologies in 2014, is basically a cooler on wheels; it uses radars, sensors, and nine cameras to make deliveries. Reeves's job was to monitor how it handled various grounds, field comments from the public, and press the off switch if necessary. He said, "People would also ask if it could deliver beer." It couldn't.

          Broadly speaking, jobs of caring for robots fall under the umbrella of careers in automation, which include maintenance, engineering and programming. The demand for people with this skill set is considerable, with 20 million to 50 million new jobs to be expected in this category by 2030, according to the Mckinsey Global Institute. In the year that ended in June 2018, Indeed.com had almost three times the number of positions on the recruitment committee that ended in June 2016.

          Over the last year, a 34-year-old businessman named David Rodriguez spent hundreds of hours following a machine called the KiwiBot around UC Berkeley's campus while it delivered Red bull and other drinks to students. To retrieve (检索) orders, the app encourages students to give the robot a wave; the robot's digital eyes will roll depending on its mood. Rodriguez, who heads business development for the start-up, was tasked, early on, with monitoring the KiwiBot for problems – even carrying it, should the motors fail. Since April 2018, though, the KiwiBot has largely been left unattended, and the majority of human interactions involve technical checks and loading food into the robot. To eliminate the boring work, the team is developing a restaurant robot to collect and load orders – which could happen in 2020. However, Rodriguez assured me that his staff won't be out of work. Everyone holds double roles in the company. Greater robot self-governing just means employees will shift their focus to accounting, engineering, and design.

          Mckinsey estimates that millions of jobs globally could be lost to automation by 2030. "A huge number of jobs will be produced as autonomous vehicles are released into the environment," Ramsey said. In 2016, Bosch started training students from Schoolcraft College, a community college in Michigan, in autonomous-vehicle repair; Toyota has trained students in maintenance as well. "We might even see a return to low-level jobs where people come and fuel the car for you," Ramsey said. "Until we can wirelessly charge, someone needs to refuel them." The hardest-to-automate industries, as it happens, are the ones that require looking after humans, such as childcare, education and health care. Robot babysitters might feel like they have scored the job of the future, but in fact, they might be better positioned.

      1. (1)What kind of robot is the one created by a start-up called Starship Technologies?
        A . A factory robot. B . A delivery robot. C . A restaurant robot. D . A construction robot.
      2. (2)What does "fall under the umbrella of" in Para. 2 mean?
        A . are in the category of B . are under the protection of C . are in relation of D . are in the process of
      3. (3)According to Ramsey, what will happen when autonomous vehicles are put on the market?
        A . Autonomous vehicles will become much cheaper. B . A large number of people will be out of work. C . A lot of job opportunities will be created. D . Many people will turn to buying autonomous cars.
      4. (4)What does the last sentence in Para. 4 mean?
        A . Robot carers will have a competitive advantage in the future. B . Many new occupations like caring for robots come and go fast. C . We still need someone to look after robots in the future. D . Robots will create more and better jobs for people in the future.
    • 20. Read the passage carefully. Fill in each blank with a proper sentence given in the box. Each sentence can be used only once. Note that there are two more sentences than you need.

      Life on a Ship

          We three children were very excited when we walked up the gangway (舷梯) of the British flagship China Star and saw officers, crew and staff rushing around. A Chinese housekeeper led the way and helped Uncle Jean and Aunt Reine with our luggage. Victor, Claudine and I lagged behind. The housekeeper was tall and thin and towered over everyone. {#blank#}1{#/blank#} As we followed him down a narrow corridor towards our cabins, Victor whispered to me, "One thing about having no hair at all on your head, you always look neat!"

          Though I was still feeling nervous and tongue-tied because it had only been three days since Aunt Reine took me out of St. Joseph's, I laughed out loud. That was the effect Victor had on people. {#blank#}2{#/blank#} "Boys to the right and girls to the left," said Uncle Jean. Our two cabins were directly opposite each other. Inside, everything was neat, bare and clean. While Aunt Reine, Claudine and I were unpacking, there was a knock on the door.

          Victor stood there, wearing a bright-red and orange life-jacket. "Why are you wearing that?" Claudine protested. "Our ship hasn't even sailed yet!" "In case the China Star starts going down. Then you'll really be sorry you're not wearing one yourself. Here! Let me show you something!" {#blank#}3{#/blank#} Our cabin was below deck. Outside we could see nothing but deep dark water.

          Claudine became alarmed. "Mama, how often does a ship sink?" she asked. Before Aunt Reine had time to reply, Victor quipped with a straight face, "Only once!" Aunt Reine and I could not help laughing in spite of ourselves. But then Victor did something my brothers would never have done. He took off his life-jacket, slipped it on his sister and showed her how to adjust the straps. {#blank#}4{#/blank#} At night, our housekeeper brought in a tiny roll-out bed because there were three of us.

      A. Once Victor hid in a lifeboat for half an hour while we searched everywhere.

      B. His head was completely hairless, and he was obviously unsteady.

      C. He and Claudine made me feel at ease as soon as I met them.

      D. There were only two narrow twin beds in our cabin, each covered with dark blue sheets.

      E. He parted the curtain and looked out of the round window of the ship.

      F. He jumped out as we passed below him, scaring and delighting us at the same time.

    五、Summary Writing
    • 21. Read the following passage. Summarize the main idea and the main point(s) of the passage in no more than 60 words. Use your own words as far as possible.

      China's National Treasure

          Pandas are in danger of extinction at present, with only 1,900 remaining in the world. The scientific name of the giant panda is actually called the cat bear, the number of which is very scarce. It is one of the most precious animals in the world and belongs to the protected animals at the national level. Its body color is black and white. Giant pandas are unique to China, very cute. The existing major habitats are in the surrounding mountainous areas such as Sichuan and Shanxi in China. The giant panda has a very powerful function: digesting bamboo. We all know that bamboo is mainly cellulose (纤维素), and most animals can't digest it except giant pandas. The giant panda's hometown is in the mountains southwest of China, green bamboos and springs everywhere. Therefore, the giant panda's main food consists of bamboo and spring water.

          Giant pandas are often referred to as living fossils. Hundreds of thousands of years ago, it was the peak period of giant pandas. This is of great scientific value for studying and protecting biodiversity and environmental changes on the earth. Long, long ago, the climate of the earth became colder and colder, many ice cubes formed on the earth; plants could not grow, and many animals were frozen or starved to death. The giant panda alone survived in the deep valleys of the mountains and became a treasure of the animal world. The giant panda still retains the characteristics of ancient animals. Therefore, the giant panda is not only popular with adults and children in terms of appearance, but also becomes a living fossil for biologists to study ancient creatures.

          The status of giant pandas has been politicized. Giant pandas can be seen in almost all the major countries in the world. The giant panda has become a witness of friendship between China and foreign countries. For decades, wherever the giant panda goes, a panda whirlwind will blow. With its charmed figure and natural cuteness, the Chinese giant panda attracts numerous fans around the world, and at the same time plays the role of friendship ambassador in China's foreign exchanges, becoming one of the most famous symbols in China.

    六、Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.
    七、Guided Writing
    • 26. Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

      第五届高中生创业大赛(Entrepreneurship Competition)近期在深圳落下帷幕。本次活动目的是通过创意、组队、制作、路演等环节启动一个创业项目,为社会带来属于新生代的力量。

      假设你是明启中学的高三学生李华。在下周的班会课上,你想就"高中生创业大赛"做一次演讲。内容必须包含:

      1)对本次大赛的看法;

      2)对大赛活动提出建议。

      (注意:不得透露考生的真实信息)

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